• Age: 14-16 MYP Individuals and Societies
  • Age: 14-16 GCSE / IGCSE Geography
  • Natural Environments
  • Economic Development
  • IGCSE Geography Revision Question Bank
  • 2.1 Earthquakes and volcanoes
  • 2.4 Weather
  • 2.5 Climate and natural vegetation
  • Distribution
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Plate Boundaries | Plate Margins
  • Volcano case study - Mount Etna (2002-2003), Italy
  • Volcano case study - Mount Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Volcanic hazard management - Mount Rainier, USA
  • Earthquakes

Earthquake case study - 2005 Kashmir

You need to have a case study of the causes and impacts of an earthquake in a developing country:

Use the resources and links that can be found on this page to produce a detailed case study of the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake. You should use the 'Five W's" subheadings to give your case study structure.

What happened?

This section of your case study should be a one paragraph overview/summary of the whole case study and should be written after you have finished the other four sections below.

When did it happen?

Wikipedia - 2005 Kashmir earthquake

Where did it happen?

M7.6 Northern Pakistan Earthquake - 8 October 2005

Why did it happen?

Who was affected by it happening?

BBC News - Overview: Quake aftermath [2 November 2005]

BBC News - South Asia earthquake: One year on [4 October 2006]

AQA GCSE Geography: Kashmir Earthquake Case Study

Profile Picture

Students also viewed

Aller: to go spring 2021.

Profile Picture

Holidays - activities

Profile Picture

L'Aquila Earthquake GCSE AQA Geography

Profile Picture

Qu'est-ce qu'on peut faire à... Summer 2021

Recent flashcard sets, socio des religions.

Profile Picture

Body conditions

Profile Picture

rest of indust

Profile Picture

World Cultures

Profile Picture

Sets found in the same folder

Gcse aqa geography: supervolcanoes, geography aqa case study: l'auila earthquake-…, aqa geography: coasts- processes of weatherin…, nepal earthquake.

Profile Picture

Other sets by this creator

Fundamentals- methods, maths finance, graph theory, combinatorial optimisation, verified questions.

Find the total cost of each stock purchase.

 Number of   Shares   Name of   Stock   Market   Price   Commission   Total Cost  800  Monterey  14.75 268.85 \begin{array}{|r|c|l|c|c|l|} \hline & \begin{array}{c} \text { Number of } \\ \text { Shares } \end{array} & {\begin{array}{c} \text { Name of } \\ \text { Stock } \end{array}} & \begin{array}{c} \text { Market } \\ \text { Price } \end{array} & \text { Commission } & \text { Total Cost } \\ \hline \mathbf{} & 800 & \text { Monterey } & 14.75 & 268.85 & \\ \hline \end{array} ​  Number of   Shares  ​ 800 ​  Name of   Stock  ​  Monterey  ​  Market   Price  ​ 14.75 ​  Commission  268.85 ​  Total Cost  ​ ​

a. pass through expenses?

b. recoverable expenses?

c. common area expenses?

Give examples of each.

Find out a news article about a study that attempts to describe some characteristic of a population, but that you believe involved poor sampling (for example, a sample that was too small or not representative of the population under study). Describe the population, the sample, and what you think was wrong with the sample. Briefly discuss how you think the poor sampling affected the study results.

The file Bulbs contains the life (in hours) of a sample of forty 6-watt LED (light emitting diode) light bulbs produced by Manufacturer A and a sample of forty 6 6 6 -watt LED light bulbs produced by Manufacturer B .

Use the following class interval widths for each distribution:

Manufacturer A : 46 , 500 46,500 46 , 500 but less than 47 , 500 47,500 47 , 500 ; 47 , 500 47,500 47 , 500 but less than 48 , 500 48,500 48 , 500 ; and so on. Manufacturer B : 47 , 500 47,500 47 , 500 but less than 48 , 500 48,500 48 , 500 ; 48 , 500 48,500 48 , 500 but less than 49 , 500 49,500 49 , 500 ; and so on.

a. Construct percentage histograms on separate graphs and plot the percentage polygons on one graph.

Recommended textbook solutions

World History and Geography Student 1st Edition by McGraw-Hill

World History and Geography Student

World History and Geography: Modern Times 1st Edition by Jackson J. Spielvogel

World History and Geography: Modern Times

Florida World History and Geography by Jackson J. Spielvogel

Florida World History and Geography

Other quizlet sets, problem set 8.

Profile Picture

Love Me Right

Profile Picture

CSIT 154 Final Exam

Profile Picture

Age span Chapter 22: Musculoskeletal

Marked by Teachers

Kashmir Earthquake

Authors Avatar

On the 8 th  October 2005 at 9:20 Local time an earthquake occurred in Kashmir in India/Pakistan. This was a result of a collision between the Indian and the Eurasian plate. There were 80,000 deaths in Northern Pakistan and North-west India in total. This earthquake spread 1000 kilometres from the epicentre.

There were 80,000 deaths after the final count, leaving others injured and many homeless. For several days roads were blocked and traffic could not flow. In total 3.3million people were affected by this earthquake. Then adding to that there were sewage and electricity blockages.

In the country of Pakistan there wasn’t enough money for repairs or to support the homeless. Many Jobs were lost now because company buildings had been destroyed, this meant that there was no income for many families. This then led to starvation as the families had no income. Businesses were completely crushed like the current recession.

There were many losses in families due to being crushed or starving, this then meant that people would keep to themselves and not be outgoing and support others. Many were in shock just from the wreckage and were too afraid to help. As with the rest of the wreckage many houses were destroyed and families had to live on the streets in tents or with just blankets. Even after the major foreshock there were several aftershocks making this even worse. On the Richter scale the magnitude of the earthquake was measured at 7.6, this was a major earthquake and was said to cause serious damage over larger areas. Many survivors were left feeling stressed and anxious about losing loved ones and not being able to provide for their family.

Join now!

There were many roads split by the shock and as there was no money for repairs they were just left like this. Many buildings collapsed from the shocks as they weren’t properly designed. The water supply was contaminated leading to typhoid and cholera being passed around, also the electricity was completely cut off, and diseases spread. Then landslides changed the landscape and created natural dams for rivers. This also led to several floods.

This is a preview of the whole essay

In rural areas there were 700,000 deaths, and many left homeless. 28,000 pregnant women left homeless and 500,000 predicted to die in the winter by the UN. 6,000 schools were destroyed and damages, in total, cost £3.5billion. 1,000 survivors in Islamabad, all survivors were forced to stay in temporary shelter (Tents, Refugee Camps); this then led to lack of shelter.

There was then a lot of help via charities. A new organisation was set up called Kashmir Aid. UMCOR & IBC helped by giving out blankets and water. LoC then opened for medical help.

Three significant plates meet near the coast of Japan but only two brought about the Great Hanshin earthquake. The more compact Philippines Plate was disappearing beneath the lighter Eurasian plate and so pressure had been building up. Suddenly, the result of years of pressure was a release of force that shifted the Nojima fault, south of the Osaka Bay. This activity all occurred only 16 miles below the earth’s surface. The fault cut through the north side of Awaji Island, the epicentre of the earthquake, and crossed the bay directly below the city of Kobe. Kobe is 20km from Awaji Island and so seismic waves where given the opportunity to increase in speed, hence causing greater destruction. A decade of repair for the city of Kobe would be needed to amend the damages caused by the direct hit of the Great Hanshin quake.  

In Kobe the primary effect of the Hanshin quake includes the destruction of lifelines, buildings and utilities/services. A at 5:46 a.m. the earth began to shake, sand grains within Kobe’s abundant water-saturated soil began to loose contact and friction with other grains, causing liquefaction. Soil began to flow apart and the ground reacted by moving 7 inches horizontally and 4 inches vertically. Liquefaction was the beginning of the end for the city of Kobe. Japanese buildings that where built prior to enforcement of the 1981 seismic building code, could not withstand the force of the quake and the liquefaction of the ground. The result was 102,000 buildings collapsing.

The cities lifelines also suffered a great deal. All three railway links to outside cities where destroyed. Kobe’s main elevated motorway had astonishingly collapsed for over a kilometre and those using it soared of into mid-air. Yoshio Fukamoto, a bus driver who had managed to escape his bus while the front half was 6 feet suspended in space, described the situation as, “Like watching a scene from a movie.” Many roads also where elevated from the ground.

Most of the utilities and services within the city suddenly came to a halt. Water, gas and electricity ran through underground cables/pipes and so as the ground began to move rigid cables and pipes began to break. Kobe’s ever-important port also lost 120 out 150 of its quays. Within a span of 20 seconds $150 billions dollars of basic infrastructure was demolished. The secondary effects of the Hanshin quake were an outbreak of fires within the city and a plethora of socio-economic problems. Broken gas pipes and sparking electrical cables began to ignite fires across the city. At one point 300 fires were burning in different places. Since most lifelines came to a halt, the Kobe fire department had no way of reaching the sudden outbreaks. The fires burnt down 7500 homes.

The earthquake and fires killed 5,250 people and left over 400,000 people homeless. Those that did survive the quake were freezing because there was no gas for heat. Also they were thirsty and starving due to the lack of food/water being circulated. The people of Kobe had lost more in 20 seconds than most people lose in a lifetime. Yet, they surprisingly remained quiet and stoic. The majority of people did not yell or become hysterical, but rather utter words like, “Shoganai” meaning it cannot be helped. An elderly man sitting in front of his shattered house with a flask in his hand said, “Everything is gone, what can I do except sip sake and smile?  

In Conclusion I think that it is harder for a LEDC than a MEDC to overcome/survive an earthquake because with the Kobe earthquake there were less deaths and less left homeless because there was money for repairs and shelter. But in Pakistan they did not have enough money so they had to wait for aid from charities and other nations. This meant many more were left homeless with no jobs and ended up starving. Also in Japan the buildings were built properly so that they didn’t fall over in the earthquake. This was not the case in Pakistan.

Kashmir Earthquake

Document Details

Related Essays

Kashmir Earthquake

The Kashmir earthquake of 2005

Casestudyon Pakistan earthquake

Casestudyon Pakistan earthquake


Atualizámos a nossa política de privacidade. Clique aqui para ver os detalhes. Toque aqui para ver os detalhes.

Ative o seu período de avaliaçõo gratuito de 30 dias para desbloquear leituras ilimitadas.

Kashmir Earthquake case study


Esté a ler uma amostra.

Ative o seu teste gratuito de 30 dias para continuar a ler.

2005 Kashmir Earthquake by James Spiteri (4.05)

Confira estes a seguir

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Baixar para ler offline


kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Diapositivos para si (20).

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Quem viu também gostou (20)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Semelhante a Kashmir Earthquake case study (9)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Mais de jacksonthree (20)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Mais recentes (20)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Compartilhar painel de recortes

Painéis de recortes públicos que contêm este slide, selecionar outro painel de recortes.

Parece que você já adicionou este slide ao painel

Você recortou seu primeiro slide!

Criar painel de recortes

Obter slideshare sem anúncios, oferta especial para leitores de slideshare, só para si: avaliação gratuita de 60 dias da maior biblioteca digital do mundo..

A família SlideShare acabou de crescer. Desfrute do acesso a milhões de ebooks, áudiolivros, revistas e muito mais a partir do Scribd.

10 gostaram

kashmir earthquake case study gcse


Desbloqueou acesso ilimitado a mais de 20m de documentos.

Leitura ilimitada

Aprenda de forma mais rápida e inteligente com os maiores especialistas

Transferências ilimitadas

Faça transferências para ler em qualquer lugar e em movimento

Acesso instantâneo a milhões de e-books, audiolivros, revistas, podcasts e muito mais.

Leia e ouça offline com qualquer dispositivo.

Acesso gratuito a serviços premium como Tuneln, Mubi e muito mais.

Ajude-nos a manter o SlideShare gratuito

Parece que tem um bloqueador de anúncios ativo. Ao listar o SlideShare no seu bloqueador de anúncios, está a apoiar a nossa comunidade de criadores de conteúdo.

Atualizámos a nossa política de privacidade.

Atualizámos a nossa política de privacidade de modo a estarmos em conformidade com os regulamentos de privacidade em constante mutação a nível mundial e para lhe fornecer uma visão sobre as formas limitadas de utilização dos seus dados.

Pode ler os detalhes abaixo. Ao aceitar, está a concordar com a política de privacidade atualizada.

We've updated our privacy policy. Click here to review the details. Tap here to review the details.

Activate your 30 day free trial to unlock unlimited reading.

Kashmir earthquake case study


You are reading a preview.

Activate your 30 day free trial to continue reading.

Kashmir earthquake 2005

Check these out next

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Download to read offline


kashmir earthquake case study gcse

More Related Content

Slideshows for you (20).

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Similar to Kashmir earthquake case study (20)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

More from Ruth1618 (12)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Recently uploaded (20)

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Share Clipboard

Public clipboards featuring this slide, select another clipboard.

Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already.

You just clipped your first slide!

Create a clipboard

Get slideshare without ads, special offer to slideshare readers, just for you: free 60-day trial to the world’s largest digital library..

The SlideShare family just got bigger. Enjoy access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, and more from Scribd.

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

You have now unlocked unlimited access to 20M+ documents!

Unlimited Reading

Learn faster and smarter from top experts

Unlimited Downloading

Download to take your learnings offline and on the go

Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts and more.

Read and listen offline with any device.

Free access to premium services like Tuneln, Mubi and more.

Help us keep SlideShare free

It appears that you have an ad-blocker running. By whitelisting SlideShare on your ad-blocker, you are supporting our community of content creators.

We've updated our privacy policy.

We’ve updated our privacy policy so that we are compliant with changing global privacy regulations and to provide you with insight into the limited ways in which we use your data.

You can read the details below. By accepting, you agree to the updated privacy policy.


Spread the joy of Blendspace

Want your friend/colleague to use Blendspace as well? Let them know!

Earthquake Case Study Kashmir, Pakistan

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Kashmir Earthquake (GCSE Geography Revision: Case Study)

Pakistan earthquake walk talk - dumeetha luthra - bbc news, kashmir earthquake 2005, bbc news | special reports | 2005 | south asia quake, kashmir earthquake - slideshare, the kashmir quake, october 2005 (an ledc case study), learning objectives:.

To be able to locate the Kashmir region on a map.

To be able to explain why the Kashmir Quake happened.

To be able to give at least 3 primary and 3 secondary effects of the Kashmir Quake.

What happened?

The area shown on the map was devastated by an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale.  The epicentre (the point where the tremors were most severe) was close to the city of Muzaffarabad, the regional capital. This is a densely populated urban area which meant that the amount of damage caused by the earthquake was particularly high.

Why did the earthquake happen?

Kashmir lies close to the boundary of two of the giant tectonic plates which form the earth’s crust.  These are moving constantly but very slowly, powered by convection currents in the hot rocks of the mantle immediately beneath the crust. 

Who was affected?  

The government of Pakistan put the death toll at 55,000 with a further 80,000 injured but these figures are probably an underestimate.  In Muzaffarabad alone, 75% of the buildings collapsed and most of the casualties came as a result of people being crushed beneath the rubble of their homes, schools or workplaces.  In rural areas, where traditional stone or mud brick houses offered little resistance to the violent shaking of the ground, entire villages were destroyed leaving no-one alive.  The earthquake caused landslides in the mountainous countryside which destroyed roads and isolated farms.  It is probable that the bodies of some victims will never be found, lying as they do beneath thousands of tonnes of rock and soil.  Electricity and telephone lines were brought down leaving survivors without power or any means of communicating with the outside world.  Roads outside the towns in Kashmir are little more than narrow dusty tracks at the best of times, but with many of them blocked by landslides it was almost impossible for emergency services to reach casualties or for survivors to travel to the larger towns where medical help and emergency food and water might be available.  The towns and cities faced problems of their own.  Water and sewage pipes broke leaving people without water supplies and allowing domestic and industrial waste to flood the streets.  There are fears that the people will be forced to drink contaminated water resulting in further deaths from diseases like cholera.  Kashmir is in the foothills of the Himalayas where heavy snow falls from the middle of November through to April.  With their homes and crops destroyed, living in tents with only emergency food supplies to eat, many who survived the earthquake itself face a long hard winter and the risk of dying from hypothermia or malnutrition.

How did the government of Pakistan react? 

The army, with heavy lifting gear and helicopters, were sent into action immediately to search for survivors and provide treatment for the injured, emergency shelters and food.  Pakistan is not a wealthy country and high technology equipment was in short supply so in response to appeals other countries and international charities also provided help in the form of food, blankets, tents medicines and specialist rescue workers and medical personnel.

Useful links:

BBC Bitesize revision page about the Kashmir quake

BBC News report summary page with links to lots of articles

Lesson thumbnail

Needs V Wants

Lesson thumbnail

Copy of Plate Tectonics

Comparing ledc and medc case studies of earthquakes, premium resource, description:, rate this tile, resource information.

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Like what you saw?

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

One thing before you share...

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

GCSE Geography Plate Tectonics Case Studies

kashmir earthquake case study gcse


16 words 0 ignored, ignore words.

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

kashmir earthquake case study gcse

Skip to content

Get Revising

Join get revising, already a member, earthquakes-case study: ledc kashmir,pakistan.

Rich and poor countries are affected differently

The effects and responses ( how everyone reacts) to them are different in different parts of the world. 

Place: Kasmir,pakistan

Date :8th October,2005

Size: 7.6 on the Richter scale

Cause: Movement along a crack in the plate at a destructive plate boundary.  Eurasion and Indian plate hitting each other

Cost of damage: Around $5 billion


Primary effects:

Report Thu 23rd November, 2017 @ 19:18

Similar Geography resources:

Earthquake Case Study LEDC 4.5 / 5 based on 2 ratings

LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Kashmir 0.0 / 5

Earthquake Case Study in LEDC - Kashmir, Pakistan 0.0 / 5

Geography Key Words 2.0 / 5 based on 4 ratings

tectonics earthquake case studies kobe and kashmir 0.0 / 5

Case Study Earthquake, LEDC 0.0 / 5

Muzaffarabad Case Study 4.0 / 5 based on 1 rating

Restless Earth Revision Notes 0.0 / 5

Haiti Earthquake 1.0 / 5 based on 1 rating

Volcano and Earthquake revision 0.0 / 5

Related discussions on The Student Room

kashmir earthquake case study gcse


  1. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse

  2. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse

  3. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse

  4. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse

  5. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse

  6. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    kashmir earthquake case study gcse


  1. Khudaya Raham earthquake anay wala ha

  2. भूकंप earthquake by rahul sir #earthquake #geography

  3. Breaking News: Earthquake reported in Jammu & Kashmir


  1. Earthquake case study

    Task. Use the resources and links that can be found on this page to produce a detailed case study of the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake.

  2. AQA GCSE Geography: Kashmir Earthquake Case Study

    -Landslides buried buildings and people. Blocked access roads+ cut off water and electricity supplies, and telephone lines. -Diarrhoea+other diseases spread

  3. Kashmir Earthquake

    On the 8th October 2005 at 9:20 Local time an earthquake occurred in Kashmir in India/Pakistan. This was a result of a collision between the Indian and the

  4. Geography

    Geography - Kashmir Earthquake Case Study. Watch later. Share. Copy link. Info. Shopping. Tap to unmute. If playback doesn't begin shortly

  5. Kashmir Earthquake case study

    Kashmir Earthquake case study. 1. Kashmir Earthquake; 2. What? <ul><li>The Kashmir earthquake (also known as the South Asia earthquake or Pakistan

  6. Kashmir earthquake case study

    What happened? At 8:50am on the 8th October 2005 a 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck the Pakistan controlled region of Kashmir. The epicentre

  7. Earthquake Case Study Kashmir, Pakistan

    Earthquake Case Study Kashmir, Pakistan. by T B. Kashmir Earthquake (GCSE Geography Revision: Case Study). 1.

  8. Earthquakes

    New town to replace L'Aquila promised by Prime Minister, Investigation into why some modern buildings weren't earthquake-proof has started. Date of the Kashmir

  9. A Case Study from the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake

    2005 Kashmir Earthquake, Risk Perception, Islam, Hazards Studies ... survey team of Pakistani geography, environmental studies

  10. Earthquakes-Case Study: LEDC Kashmir,Pakistan

    Earthquakes-Case Study: LEDC Kashmir,Pakistan.