## Subtraction Word Problems

These lessons look at simple examples of subtraction word problems.

Related Pages More Lessons for Arithmetic Math Worksheets

Words like ‘difference’, ‘less’, ‘take away’, ‘loss’ usually means that subtraction is involved.

For subtraction, take note which number has to be subtracted from which number. Subtracting in the wrong order will give you the wrong answer.

Example: Andy has 53 marbles. Sam has 105 marbles and lost 8 when his bag of marbles dropped. Find the difference between the number of marbles that Sam has left and Andy’s.

Solution: [Sam has 105 marbles] – [8 lost] – [Andy has 53 marbles]

105 – 8 – 53 = 44 marbles

Examples of subtraction word problems

- John has 12 apples, and he gives away 5 of them. How many apples does he have left?
- What is the difference between 17 and 38?
- Jennifer has eighteen apples, and Mike has twelve. How many more apples does Jennifer have than Mike?

Subtraction Word Problem

Example: A farmer grows 531 tomatoes and is able to sell 176 of them in three days. Given that his supply of tomatoes decreases by 176, how many tomatoes does he have remaining at the end of the three days?

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## Subtraction Word Problems — Examples & Practice - Expii

## 5 Tips – How to Teach Students to Solve Word Problems

So, how do I teach word problems? It’s quite complex, but so much fun, once you get into it.

## How to teach addition and subtraction word problems

The main components of teaching addition and subtraction word problems include:

- Teaching the Relationship of the Number s – As a teacher, know the problem type and help students solve for the action in the problem
- Differentiate the Numbers – Give students just the right numbers so that they can read the problem without getting bogged down with the computation
- Use Academic Vocabulary – And be consistent in what you use.
- Stop Searching for the “Answer” – it’s not about the answer; it’s about the process
- Differentiate between the Models and the Strategies – one has to do with the relationship between the numbers and the other has to do with how students “solve” or compute the problem.

## Teach the Relationship of the Numbers in Math Word Problems

I teach word problems by removing the numbers . Sounds strange right?

## Differentiate the numbers in the Word Problems

Join: put, got, picked up, bought, made Separate: ate, lost, put down, dropped, used

## Don’t be afraid to use academic vocabulary when teaching word problems

## Stop searching for “the answer” when solving word problems

This is the most difficult misconception to break.

Okay, they’re first and second-graders. I know.

It’s all about the relationship.

## Differentiate between the models and the strategies

The most important thing about models is to move away from them. I know that sounds odd.

This is a prime example of moving from an inverted-v model to a bar model.

Here is a student moving from drawing circles to using an inverted-v.

## Which numbers do you put in the blank spaces?

## How to Purchase the Addition & Subtraction Word Problems

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Thanks for linking up to Great Blog Posts for Kindergarten Teachers .

Thank you so much! I have a lot of fun teaching word problems in the classroom, too.

Hi, Jessica, I already got it yesterday. Thank you so much for your free sample. Kadek

Hi. Just wondering if you did have a follow up post on compare problems. Thank you!

I’m sorry…I have one more question. Can you apply this method to multi-step word problems?

Thanks! It is very interesting! Good!

Can you go over for me about “start, change and results”? Thanks.

Really its fantastic strategy. Great ideas!

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## Worksheet on Subtraction Word Problems

3. Out of 8797 children of town, 6989 go to school. How many children do not go to school?

5. I had $5000 with me. Out of it $3585 was spent. Now how much money do I have?

16. By how much is 3756 less than 5433?

18. By how much is 4897 less than 6123?

20. By how much is 698 less than 553?

22. By how much is 3162 less than 2526?

26. Brad could solve 483 questions out of 500. How many questions were left unsolved?

34. By how much is smallest 5-digit number greater than largest 4-digit number.

38. The difference between two numbers is 1307. If the larger number is 9577, find the smaller one.

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## How to Solve Subtraction Word Problems

There are 10 pencils on a desk. The teacher takes 6 pencils. How many pencils are left ?

How can we solve this word problem? 🤔

Read Carefully

Find Keywords

Write An Equation

Solve the Problem

## 1. Read Carefully

There are 10 pencils on a desk. The teacher takes 6 pencils. How many pencils are left?

When you finish reading, ask yourself: "What's the problem asking me to do?"

## 2. Find Keywords

Here are some keywords used with subtraction :

minus, lost, change, difference, fewer, need to, reduce, subtract, take away, remain, left, less

Do you see any keyword in our word problem?

There are 10 pencils on a desk. The teacher takes 6 pencils. How many pencils are left on the desk?

"Takes" and "left" are keywords that tell us that we need to subtract.

## 3. Write an Equation

In this problem, the teacher is taking away 6 from 10 pencils.

## 4. Solve the Problem

The last step is to solve the problem.

You have 10 pencils. You take away 6.

Our answer is 4. We write a complete sentence for it.

There are 4 pencils left on the desk.

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Sebastian is left with 3 pencils.

## Here are a few more interesting subtraction word problems along with their solutions.

A. What quantity (mg) of the medication has been used? Round to the nearest hundredths.

A. We can find the quantity that has been used by adding 125 mg, 62.5 mg, and 25.25 mg together.

125 mg + 62.5 + 25.25 = 212.75 mg

212.75 rounded to the nearest hundredths is 212.75

B. We can find the quantity that is left in the stock bottle by subtracting 212.75 mg from 500 mg.

287.25 rounded to the nearest tenths is 287.3

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Subtraction Word Problems · Example: Andy has 53 marbles. · Solution: [Sam has 105 marbles] – [8 lost] – [Andy has 53 marbles] · Examples of subtraction word

Words to Math: Subtraction · 2 less than 6 is 4→6−2=4 · 13 minus 1 equals to 12→13−1=12 · The difference between 10 and 7 is 3→10−7=3.

How to solve subtraction word problems. Clue words to know you should subtract. How to label your answer.

Come learn about subtraction in word problems for first grade. This video helps kids see several ways to help them solve word problems.

One way to help your students solve word problems is to teach them the relationship of the numbers. In other words, help them understand that the numbers in the

Worksheet on Subtraction Word Problems · 1. There are 45 houses in a street. · 2. A basket hold 55 oranges. · 3. Out of 8797 children of town, 6989 go to school.

Most times in word problems it will say, Sally had 2 apples and Johnathon had six. If Johnathon eats four of his apples how many will there be? What you have to

The first set asks students use a number line, draw pictures, and write equations to solve the word problem. The next set of worksheets

How to Solve Subtraction Word Problems · 1. Read Carefully · 2. Find Keywords · 3. Write an Equation · 4. Solve the Problem.

Subtraction word problems · Problem #1: Peter has 20 dollars in his pocket. · Problem #2: Suppose that a car dealer has an inventory of 15,258 Honda Accord they