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VCE English Oral Presentation Topics 2023

February 9, 2023

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

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Choosing an Oral Presentation topic can be tough. Finding an idea that’s unique, relevant and interesting all at once can sometimes feel impossible; but don’t worry, this is where we come in! Below is a list of 12 potential Oral Presentation topics for you to draw inspiration from, selected in reference to the VCE assessment criteria .

Remember, this blog is not a resource to give you a finished speech idea , these are just jumping-off points. Plagiarism is very harshly punished in VCE and many other students will currently be reading this very same post, meaning it's up to YOU to figure out how you’ll form a unique angle if you pick one of these topics. To help you do this, each section provides an overview of the cultural events that make this topic relevant. Additionally, possible contentions are included, ensuring you can see how arguments about these topics can be effectively made. 

1. Kanye’s blow-up - The necessity of the media to stop platforming celebrities spreading harmful ideas

American rapper Kanye West has always been a controversial figure, but since his endorsement of Trump in 2016 he’s seemingly been on a particularly bad downward spiral. His descent into increasingly more extremist right-wing politics has led to the question of whether the news media, detached and neutral as they might claim to be, should even be reporting on him. 

As of writing (late 2022), Kanye’s recent appearances on far-right talk shows to voice support for Hitler and question the existence of the Holocaust (which has no doubt been topped by something equally controversial by the time this gets published) pushes this question right to its limit. 

Events like this are undoubtedly big stories that many people would like to know about, but does reporting on them do more harm than good? Do we realistically all have the self-control to ignore these figures when so much of modern news already revolves around controversy and gossip? Possible Contentions:

2. Amber Heard - How online discourse can villainise marginalised groups and encourage ‘dogpiling’

A similar celebrity controversy that dominated 2022 headlines was the two-way public defamation lawsuit between actors Johnny Depp and Amber Heard, which involved accusations of abuse on both sides. One of the most notable parts of this case was the online depiction of Heard, on social media platforms such as Facebook and Youtube. 

Heard emerged as the internet’s new favourite punching bag, with an endless stream of videos and memes where her ‘ allegations of domestic violence and sexual assault were mocked for entertainment ’. Crucially, these were made to criticise her in a way that most clearly mirrored historical sexist stereotypes about emotionally manipulative women. You probably came across examples of these yourself, as platforms like Youtube have a history of directing users to this kind of content. 

As such, key issues were identified in terms of how social media warps online discussions of allegations of abuse. Additionally, like the last topic, the very fact that this legal dispute was publicly broadcast raises questions as to whether the media’s focus on this event may have worsened the issue. 

Possible Contentions:

3. Should Australia be made a republic in the wake of the Queen’s death?

The death of Queen Elizabeth II in September of 2022, among many other things, drew Australia back into a debate it's been having for decades; should we become a republic? This would be a shift from our current state of (effectively) being overseen by the United Kingdom as a ‘constitutional parliamentary monarchy’, with the ‘head of state’ now being an Australian citizen rather than the UK monarch. 

Although the replacement of the Queen with the new head of state (King Charles III) shouldn’t really shift people’s perspective on this issue, it most likely will. Queen Elizabeth has been the welcoming and approachable symbol of the monarchy for many Australians. Her death could be the catalyst for a shift in public opinion, severing the connection that many citizens still had to the UK monarchy. 

This issue can be approached from many different angles, inducing discussion on HOW the process of Australia becoming a republic should occur (especially how the new head of state should be chosen), as well as stepping back and assessing the positives and negatives of making this shift.

4. Are NFTs a positive advancement in contemporary technology? 

Whether or not you understand what it actually means, the phrase ‘NFTs’ has probably been inescapable on your social media feeds over the last year. Without getting too detailed, these ‘Non-Fungible Tokens’ are essentially investments into non-replicable representations of artwork , which will (supposedly) increase in value over time. 

Despite seemingly being an exciting new technology that could have given control back to artists through copyright ownership, NFTs have instead been heavily criticised for commercialising artwork by reducing it to a literal piece of digital currency. Further issues have arisen in terms of how this technology can easily be used to scam people through misrepresenting the value of individual NFTs, or NFT owners simply taking the money and running.

What do you think? All new technology seems shaky and uncertain at the start, and maybe we should recognise that the current negative impacts of NFTs must simply be overcome with time. How do we weigh the benefit this technology has for individual artists against its potential drawbacks?

5. How much can Western citizens really do to fight injustice via social media activism?

The effect of the COVID pandemic on developing countries, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and human rights abuses by the nation of Qatar - this year has seen an innumerable number of news stories that would make any reasonable person jump to their phones to see what they could do to help, like signing an online petition or sharing a public post to spread awareness.

However, as you probably know, these forms of social media 'slacktivism’ have historically drawn criticism for their ineffectiveness and self-serving nature. Increasingly though, this debate has become more complicated, moving away from the simplified dismissal of any social media activism that emerged around the turn of the century . Others have rightly pointed out that many influential contemporary social movements, that have had real-world impacts, did emerge from social media, such as the BLM and #MeToo movements. 

As such, there’s a lot of room for different arguments here regarding whether a critical perspective of ‘social media slacktivism’ has become outdated in a world that is increasingly unavoidably based on the internet.

Possible Contentions: 

6. Is the overload of various media streaming service subscriptions sustainable?

‘Streaming fatigue’ has emerged as a 2023 talking point that may have seemed unthinkable just a few years ago. Remember when we just had Netflix offering us a new way of consuming film and TV that was both more convenient and cost-effective than ‘pay TV’ packages (which were often heavily inflated in price and packed with unwanted channels )?

However, as we move into 2023, many have argued that the current subscription landscape now mirrors the previous pay-TV model. Consumers once again find themselves having to pay for an increasingly large amount of services if they want to conveniently access their film and TV shows. Predictably, this has seen a re-emergence of video piracy . 

Does this mean that it's fundamentally impossible for us to access our media as conveniently as we’d like to, and the years of Netflix being the only streaming service that had all we wanted were never sustainable? Or maybe corporations are unfairly squeezing every dollar they can out of us, and piracy is a fair and just consumer response?  

7. Is a post-COVID work-at-home model healthy for the next generation of workers?

Although 2020 and 2021 may be remembered as the ‘years of COVID’, 2022 onwards is perhaps when we will see which long-term impacts of the pandemic continue to stick around. Aside from the permanent placement of public hand sanitiser stations, working from home has emerged as one of the most prominent main-stays from our lockdown years. 

Is this something that we should embrace? A lot was said during the lockdown about the mental health effects of being deprived of human connection; is this something we should just forget about when it comes to work? As with many of these issues, the question arises as to whether this shift is an inevitable effect of technological advancement, which we can either accept or fruitlessly battle until it becomes the new normal. 

However, the fact that this ‘work from home’ dynamic only emerged due to a pandemic complicates this idea, making it possible that we may have accidentally all become accustomed to a new economic model of work that we would be better off without. 

Possible Contentions:  

8. How can gentrified and aestheticised versions of social movements be avoided?

I wonder whether you saw the Indigenous name for Victoria’s capital city (Naarm) appear more frequently on your social media feeds this year, with people adding it to their Instagram bios or referring to it on TikTok? What started as a conscious choice to respectfully refer to the city by its original Indigenous name quickly became criticised as a trendy aesthetic for outwardly progressive white Victorians, with terms like ‘naarm-core’ becoming short-hand for a specific kind of trendy fashion that was ‘ devoid of any ties to First Nations people ’. 

‘Naarm-core’, therefore, stands as another example of a movement that may have started with admirable aims, but was drowned out by those who just wanted the social benefits of participating in progressive politics. Think of the recent similar debates about ‘rainbow capitalism’, with similar criticisms being made of brands that co-opt progressive concepts like LGBQTI+ identity purely for social (and financial) capital. The question naturally emerges as to how we can avoid this for future political movements. 

Or maybe you disagree with all these critiques? Political discussion moves so fast these days that it can feel like people are in such a rush to criticise things that they miss actual progress being made. After all, the use of the term ‘Naarm’ to refer to Melbourne was undeniably popularised on the back of this trend. 

‍ Possible Contentions: 

9. How can the highly polarised discussion concerning COVID vaccines become more productive?

Another thing you may have witnessed from living in a post-COVID world is an increase in how divided simple issues seem to make us. Ever tried to convince a relative or friend that, no, in fact, vaccines are not designed to implant us with microchips - seems impossible right? 

For many people, the pandemic was a tipping point into full-blown conspiracy communities, meaning people are increasingly able to exist within their own social-media realities that don’t need to be bound to scientific truth or objective fact. This all creates a division between those with different beliefs that is somehow wider than before, where we can’t even agree on simple statements of truth. 

The debate around what to do about this deals with questions of human psychology, social media (again), but also freedom of speech. Should spreading (potentially dangerous) false information that conflicts with scientific consensus be allowed on social media? Most importantly, how do we encourage actual communication between different sides?

Possible contentions:

10. With the infamous Oscar slap, what ‘consequences’ should comedians and satirists face for what they say?

Here’s a news story that you’re probably tired of hearing about! Actor Will Smith’s act of violence against Oscar host and comedian Chris Rock for a joke about his wife’s alopecia (hair loss) caused many different conversations to happen at once; about toxic masculinity, celebrity culture, violence as a spectacle. These are all totally valid angles for your Oral Presentation, but let’s focus on maybe the most common debate; did Chris Rock deserve this?  

Functioning as a comedian hosting an awards night, Rock’s job was to poke fun at everyone participating, and these sorts of roles have often involved controversial comments and jokes . Does this mean they have immunity from any consequences for their words though? What should these consequences look like? And, if we excuse smaller acts of violence, what does that normalise? 

The 2015 terrorist shooting of the staff of satirical French magazine ‘Charlie Hebdo’ for their depiction of the Islamic prophet may seem a world away from Will Smith’s slap, but some may argue that this is the logical end-point for a world that believes physical violence is the way to deal with jokes people don’t like. 

11. With Optus and Telstra’s recent data breaches, is placing all our valuable personal information in virtual spaces sustainably safe? 

This year saw a record-level data breach from one of Australia’s leading telecommunications companies, Optus. The personal details of almost 10 million customers were given to the hackers. 

Then, two weeks later, a similar data breach happened at Telstra. Yes, this time, no customer information was leaked, but information on the company’s employees was again released. 

All of this may disturb the image we all have in our heads of online databases as relatively unbreachable, locked away behind thousands of firewalls somewhere in the cloud. In fact, much of modern society operates on this assumption. Maybe you’ve added your credit card details to your Chrome tab because it makes online purchases easier? This convenience comes with the implicit assumption that online personal info is pretty much always safe when protected by a big tech company, but these events arguably prove otherwise.  

Cyberattacks are ‘ increasing as a threat ’, yet danger for the sake of convenience is something that all of us deal with. Maybe you think there are degrees to this; should we draw a line at information that can cause us legitimate harm if given to a malicious party?  

12. What is the role of Western countries in resisting the unlawful Russian invasion of Ukraine?

As already mentioned, the Russian invasion of Ukraine was one of the biggest news stories of 2022. Putin’s unlawful decision to attack the country’s capital in February of 2022 has left more than 10,000 people dead and millions displaced from their homes. Virtually all world leaders condemned this act immediately. Yet, almost a year later, the war continues, and documented war crimes occur on Ukrainian soil.

Thinking larger than just social media, the question of what can actually be done to help by the countries who condemn this war has naturally emerged. Many nations have supported Ukraine financially, including the US giving nearly $20 billion . Some may argue that this is not nearly far enough, and that all world powers have a responsibility to wage direct war against Russia in support of Ukraine. Naturally though, many are strongly against Western intervention in this form, believing that countries like the US should not see themselves as all-knowing powers that can intervene in other nations based on their ideological beliefs. 

‍ Possible Contentions:

If you haven’t already done so, check out our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for some general tips and tricks to get you started!

Written by Milo Burgner

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oral presentation topics 2022 vce

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Written by Lisa Tran, who achieved FULL marks in her Oral Presentation:

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

We've all been there. You're moments away from having to deliver your 5-6 minute long oral to all of your classmates and your teacher, and you're still trying to memorise that one bit that you just can't seem to get down pat. It sucks.

For many VCE English students, the oral presentation is the scariest part of the course; it’s often also the first.

Doing a speech can indeed be daunting— you’re marked in real time, you can’t go back and edit mistakes, and the writing part itself is only half the battle. Nonetheless, the oral SAC can also be one of the more dynamic and engaging tasks you complete in VCE English, and there’s plenty of ways to make it more interesting and also more manageable for yourself.

We’ll break the whole process down into three parts (don’t worry, one of these will be the delivery itself) and have a look at ways to tackle each; hopefully, you’ll feel more empowered to give it a go on your own terms. Don't forget to also check out Our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for everything you need to know for Oral Presentations.

Part One: Choosing a good topic

(in this section—researching events & issues, topic ideas).

For a bit of a head start on this step, be sure to check out our blog post filled with Oral Presentation Topics for 2020 . It's one of our best kept secrets!

In the study design, the description that’s given for the Oral Presentation is:

“A point of view presented in oral form using sound argument and persuasive language . The point of view should relate to an issue that has appeared in the media since 1 September of the previous year.”

Besides this restriction on how current/recent your issue is, the expectations themselves for this task are pretty standard (and therefore pretty broad): you

Getting started on this first part can be tricky though, especially if you want to choose something a bit more original or fresh.

In any case, the first thing you need is an event . As a reminder, an event in the VCE English context is anything that happens which also generates opinionated media coverage —so, it’s not just an event but it has to be an event that people have published opinions about, and they have to have been published since September 1.

You might wonder why we don’t go to the issue straight away. Here’s a hypothetical to illustrate: if you asked me to name an issue, the best I could probably come up with off the top of my head is climate change. However, if you asked me to name an event, I’d pretty easily recall the bushfires—something much more concrete which a) has generated specific and passionate opinions in the media; and b) can easily be linked to a wider issue such as climate change.

So where do you find an event? If you can’t think of a particularly interesting one right away, you could always try Wikipedia. Seriously, Wikipedia very helpfully has pages of things that happened in specific years in specific countries, so “2019 in Australia” might well be a starting point. The ABC news archive is also really helpful since you can pick dates or periods of time and see a good mix of news events from then.

I wouldn’t underestimate your own memory here either. Maybe you attended the School Strike for Climate and/or you feel vaguely disappointed in the government. Maybe there was something else happening in the news you remember (even though it is often about the environment these days). It doesn’t have to be from the news though—maybe there was a movie or TV show you watched recently that you have thoughts about. You could really do a speech on any of these, as long as you suspect there might be recent, opinionated media coverage .

Only once you have an event should you look for an issue . This will be a specific debate that comes out of the event, and can usually be framed as a “whether-or-not” question. The bushfires, for example, might generate debate around whether or not the Australian government is doing enough to combat climate change, whether or not Scott Morrison has fulfilled his duties as Prime Minister, whether or not it’s appropriate to discuss policy already when people are still grieving. All of these issues are going to be more current and more focused than just ‘climate change’, so pick one that resonates for your speech. For a list of 2019-20 issue-debate breakdowns (i.e. topic ideas!), give this a read!

From there, you might delve a little deeper into viewpoints around your chosen issue, and you’d do this mostly by reading opinion or analysis articles (rather than hard news reports). Opinion is great to see what other people are thinking, and could help you bolster or reinforce your own arguments, whereas analysis is good to get a little deeper into the implications of and evidence behind the issue. The actual contention itself comes last—even though you might already have an idea what you think about the issue, you’ll be best prepared to articulate it after doing the research first.

Part Two: Writing a good speech

(in this section—register/tone selection, personas, openings, how formal you need to be, drafting & rehearsing).

For this part of the task, I’d keep in mind a specific snippet of its description: the need to use sound argument and persuasive language .

To be fair, persuasive language mightn’t necessarily be something you actively think about when you write persuasively—you wouldn’t ever really be like “hey, this is a great spot to include an appeal to compassion.” However, while you don’t need to start now, it’s good to have in mind a general register for your speech before you start. It’s one of the first things you might analyse in a written essay for good reason—it’s broad and it sets the tone for your argument/s.

With the bushfires for instance, you might contend that even though grief is a strong emotion, it should also be a trigger for resolute, permanent policy reform. But will you come from a frustrated, this-is-what-we’ve-been-saying-for-years register, or a compassionate look-at-the-damage-caused register, or an assertive, we-need-to-bring-the-community-together-first register?

Maybe you can incorporate a bit of each, or maybe (probably) there are more options, but in any case, making this decision first will help with stringing together arguments and incorporating more persuasive language techniques (PLTs). Note that most PLTs can be used across a number of registers, but there are some that might work more effectively with some of these.

For example:

These are things you’ll have to think about for your written explanations, and might also help you shape future research if you need to shore up the speech a little more. Something you may consider as well is adopting a persona , that is a character and a context for your speech. You don’t have to, but it may help you get started. It can be hard to just write a speech from scratch, but if you’re the mayor of a township affected by the fires and you’re outlining a course of action, it’ll help with your register and outlook.

Openings in general can be tricky though. Try to avoid stating your event, issue and contention outright—the audience doesn’t need to know that “recently, Australia experienced a horrific bushfire season and I’m going to talk about why now is the time to act on climate change.” They’ll figure it out. Instead, try to start with something that clearly communicates your register and/or persona (if you have one). If you’re a frustrated climate activist, start by illustrating the historical patterns of bushfires getting worse and worse. If you’re a compassionate community-builder, start with anecdotes of the damage. If you’re an assertive leader, explain who you are, what your experience is and how you want to create change. Don’t worry if you feel like the issue won’t be clear enough—again, they’ll figure it out! The opening also sets the bar for formality in your speech, and it’s honestly up to you how formal you’ll want to be. As a rule of thumb, don’t be so formal that you can’t use contractions (such as “you’ll” and “can’t”)—avoid those in essays for sure, but they’re a natural part of speaking and it’ll feel strange if you don’t use them.

I’d also recommend you draft and rehearse in front of others, highlighting areas where you think are the weakest and asking them for specific advice on those sections at the end. Having specific questions to ask, such as “should I include more data/quantitative evidence in x section?” or “is this specific appeal to x obvious enough?”, also means you get better feedback (since these are much easier to answer than “Was that fine?”).

Part Three: Delivering an engaging presentation

(in this section—body language, eye contact, rehearse rehearse rehearse, tone variation).

Most of you probably find this the most daunting part of the SAC—honestly, me too—but this is the part with the most tried-and-tested tips for success.

With regard to body language , stand with your feet shoulder width apart and, more importantly don’t move your legs . Especially if you’re nervous, swaying or shuffling will be noticeable and make you appear more nervous—when you practise, pay attention to the lower half of your body and train it to stay still if possible. That being said, do use your arms for gestures. Those are more natural and will help engage the audience, though don’t overdo it either—usually, holding cue cards in one hand frees up the other but also stops you from going overboard.

And cue cards brig us up to another important consideration— eye contact . Hold cue cards in one hand as high as you can without it feeling uncomfortable. This means you don’t have to take your eyes away from the audience for too long or too noticeably to check your notes.

Of course, knowing your speech better means having to check your notes less frequently. When I did my speech, I’d read it out aloud to myself 3-5 times a day for a week or two in advance, which made me feel like I was going insane but also meant that my speech was basically memorised . The cue cards were there in case of emergency, but I really didn’t need them at all. Absolutely make sure to rehearse your speech. Further, when you rehearse, try to pretend that you’re actually delivering the speech. This means:

This last point is really important— tone variation might come naturally to some but not to others. I always found that building it into rehearsal helped with getting it consistent and natural. Tone variation involves things like emphasising certain words, using pauses or slowing down for effect, or modifying volume . Incorporating some of these elements—even writing them into your notes by bolding/italicising/underlining—will help you break out of monotony and make the speech more engaging as well. Be sure to emphasise things like emotive language and any evidence you might use to illustrate your arguments. And one last thing— don’t speak too quickly ! Easier said than done, but often the icing on the cake for a speech that is memorable for the right reasons.

Wondering where to go from here? Well, luckily, my eBook, How To Write A Killer Oral Presentation, details my exact step-by-step process so you can get that A+ in your SAC this year.

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Sounds like something that'd help you? I think so too! Access the full eBook by clicking here !

This blog covers choosing the perfect topic for your next Oral Presentation. To get a better overview of what's expected of you in Oral Presentations, writing up your speech, and speech delivery, check out Our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations.

The following is the LSG criteria that will ensure you find an interesting topic!

Step 1: Select a topic that has appeared in the media since 1 September of the previous year

Getting started on this first part can be tricky, especially if you want to choose something a bit more original or fresh.

In any case, the first thing you need is an event . An event in the VCE English context is anything that happens which also generates opinionated media coverage —so, it’s not just an event but it has to be an event that people have published opinions about, and they have to have been published since September 1.

You might wonder why we don’t go to the issue straight away. Here’s a hypothetical to illustrate: if you asked me to name an issue, the best I could probably come up with off the top of my head is climate change. However, if you asked me to name an event, I’d pretty easily recall the Australian bushfires—something much more concrete which a) has generated specific and passionate opinions in the media; and b) can easily be linked to a wider issue such as climate change.

Only once you have an event should you look for an issue . This will be a specific debate that comes out of the event, and can usually be framed as a “whether-or-not” question. The bushfires, for example, might generate debate around whether or not the Australian government is doing enough to combat climate change, whether or not Scott Morrison has fulfilled his duties as Prime Minister, whether or not it’s appropriate to discuss policy already when people are still grieving. All of these issues are going to be more current and more focused than just ‘climate change’, so pick one that resonates for your speech. In the next couple of sections, I’ll offer you a list of 2019-20 issue-debate breakdowns (i.e. topic ideas!).

Most importantly, choose an event/issue that is interesting for you . You’re the one who’s going to deal most intimately with this event/issue - you’ll have to research multiple sources, come up with a contention and arguments, write the essay, present the essay - so make it easier for yourself because you’re going to be spending a lot of time completing all these steps. Besides, an inherently interesting topic means that you’ll showcase your opinions in an authentic way, which is incredibly important when it comes to presentation time.

Step 2: Filter out the boring events/issues

“Your aim of this entire Oral Presentation SAC is to persuade your audience to agree with your contention (whatever that may be) based off the issue you’ve selected.”   -The VCAA English Study Design

Next, you’ll need use this test to see whether or not your topic will stand up to the test of being ‘interesting’ enough for your audience. My first question to you is: who is your audience?

Is it your classroom and teacher? Is it a handful of teachers? If you don’t know, stop right now and find out. Only continue to the next question once you’re 100% certain of your audience.

Once you know who your audience is, ask yourself: Does this event and issue relate to my audience?

This question matters because “your aim of this entire Oral Presentation SAC is to persuade your audience to agree with your contention (whatever that may be) based off the issue you’ve selected.” This means that what you say to your audience and how they respond to your speech matters . Even if your assessor isn’t counting exactly how many people are still listening to your speech at the end, everyone knows a powerful speech when they’re in the presence of one - it hooks the audience from start to end - and an assessor, consciously or subconsciously, cannot deny that the collective attentiveness of the room has an influence on their marking of your Oral Presentation.

That’s why you should choose a topic that your audience can relate to. This is just my personal opinion, but I don’t find a speech on the Adani Coalmine (broad issue = climate change) as interesting and engaging as School Strike For The Climate (broad issue = climate change). That’s not to say that I’m for or against the Adani Coal Mine, but I know that if I’m speaking to a crowd of 17-18 years olds, the School Strike For The Climate would be a better choice because it’s going to hit a lot closer to home (1) (perhaps some of those in your audience - including yourself - have attended one of those strikes).

To extrapolate this idea further, I try to avoid topics that have too many unfamiliar words for my audience. For example, I recall one year when one of my students decided to take a stance on pain medications and that they should be restricted to only over-the-counter in pharmacies. Have I lost you already with the ‘over-the-counter’? Yeah, I have no doubt that some of you are unfamiliar with that word (don’t stress, I didn’t know it either when I was in school). On top of this phrase, she used words like ‘Schedule A’, ‘Pharmaceuticals Benefits Scheme’, ‘Medicare rebate’, ‘opioids', ‘subsidised’, and other words that aren’t part of the usual vocabulary of her audience. I’d take heed because in order to captivate the audience’s attention, they need to understand what you’re talking about. As soon as there’s something they don’t understand, it becomes much harder for them to follow your speech, and before you know it, Sarah, the class sleeper is taking her afternoon snooze and the others are struggling to keep their eyes open! Having said all that, if you have an equivalent jargon-heavy topic like pain medications that really does interest you, then go for it. Just bear in mind that you’ll need to explain any new vocabulary during your speech to keep your audience’s attention.

Keen to learn more? My How To Write A Killer Oral Presentation eBook continues on this same path, covering the next steps in your Oral Presentation journey!

Don't forget to also check out Our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for everything you need to know for Oral Presentations.

There are a plethora of controversial issues in the current Australian media that may be perfect for your 2017 oral presentation! Below are just a few ideas to get you started on your way towards acing that SAC. Remember, pick a topic that you’re passionate and enthusiastic about. Don’t forget that there is no ‘right’ opinion, however, make sure you offer a distinctive argument, even if it means adopting an alternative point of view. Good luck!

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Before you start writing your oral presentation, you can't miss our A+ tips that have helped hundreds of students get perfect marks in their SAC. Stand out from others with confidence now .

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Updated 26/12/2020

It’s that time of year again when many VCE English students start brainstorming their Oral Presentation SACs. To help you out, we’ve collated some of the biggest names and issues in the recent Australian media.

Each heading represents a broad, ongoing issue, and under it are more specific debates within each issue. Going down a more precise route with your topic selection can make your speech a lot more engaging and current, so pick a broad issue that speaks to you, and ‘zoom in’ on a debate for your speech. Don't forget to also check out Our Ultimate Guide to Oral Presentations for everything you need to know for Oral Presentations.


1. green new deal.

Originally, the 'New Deal' was a bunch of economic reforms that restimulated the economy back into action after the Great Depression. The ' Green New Deal' is a bunch of policies that combines this economic approach with the need to fight the climate crisis. It was first brought before the United States Congress by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in late 2018 , but was ultimately voted down. It called for a 10-year transformation of the economy to provide green jobs; transition to renewable, zero-emission energy sources; and eliminate pollution across sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture and transport. Is this something that we need to adopt in Australia? Is now the best time for that conversation, given the political climate (not to mention the actual climate of the worst bushfire season in history)? And what exactly are the options? Australia Needs a Green New Deal (03/11/2019) What could an Australian green new deal look like? (28/11/2019) Why the Green New Deal matters (29/11/2019) Let’s make the 2020s the decade that Australia gets its mojo back (04/01/2020)

2. Young People on Strike

2019 saw the emergence of the ' school strike for climate' , an international movement of students skipping school to demonstrate and demand action on climate change. It took off after Greta Thunberg, a Swedish schoolgirl, began protesting outside the Swedish parliament in late 2018. It sparked widespread discussion on young people, education and the merits of striking. Scott Morrison was drawn into the discussion, stating that he doesn’t 'want our children to have anxieties about these issues', while defending his government’s track record on renewable energy investment. So - should young people be worrying about these issues at all? Are they missing out on crucial years of education by taking to the streets? And, is what they’re saying really unreasonable at all? Global climate strike sees ‘hundreds of thousands’ of Australians rally (video, 0/09/2019) The climate strike organiser who received a near-perfect ATAR (18/12/2019) How Greta Thunberg’s school strike went global: a lo ok back (podcast, 30/12/2019)

3. To Prime Minister or Not To Prime Minister

Australia is already facing its most severe bushfire season yet with several months of fire season left to go. During these months, Scott Morrison took a holiday in Hawaii, staying there even after stating his intention to return . Even as he returned, he was shunned for perceived insensitivity and insincerity . What should a Prime Minister do in a state of national emergency? While Morrison delegated many of the duties to state premiers, are these distinctions important in times of crisis? Is he the leader we deserve after his resounding, miraculous election victory in 2019? Where to from here? ScoMo, Where the Bloody Hell Are You? (20/12/2019) Don’t dismiss our anger in Cobargo Scott Morrison, we are the ones living through a crisis (02/01/2020) Scott Morrison, Australia’s singed prime minister (03/01/2020) ‘Bloodcurdling insanity’: Real reason ScoMo is under fire (04/01/2020)

4. Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)

An ETS basically makes carbon gas emissions an economic good that gets bought and sold like any other - corporations that emit more gas will need to now purchase permission to emit, while corporations that emit less will be able to sell their permits. The debate for an ETS in Australia is old (surprisingly perhaps, John Howard first broached the idea towards the end of his Prime Ministership ), but became political poison after Julia Gillard introduced it despite promising that her government wouldn’t introduce a carbon tax in the 2010 election. It has since been scrapped, making Australia the only government in the world to ever dismantle an operational ETS. A decade later, is it now the right time to revisit this discussion? Just why are so many people opposed to policy that would stop corporations from emitting for free? And what does this mean for our international reputation and commitments? One of the world’s biggest emitters is trying to fly under the radar at Cop25 (06/12/2019) For 10 Years, Australia Has Been In A Climate-Policy Abyss (07/12/2019) ‘Not moving fast enough’: former head of Scott Morrison’s department criticises climate change policies (18/12/2019)


1. homophobia in sport.

So this is nothing particularly new, but it’s unfortunately still present even as we move into 2020. Should sports stars be penalised for their opinions when they’re exclusionary and harmful, or should we respect them for their sporting prowess? Maybe this speaks more broadly to the standards we expect sporting stars or public figures in general to set as role models… Israel Folau: Australian rugby star condemned for linking bushfires to ‘sinful’ homosexuality (18/11/2019) Marcus Stoinis fined $7,500 for homophobic slur during Big Bash League (04/01/2020)

Bear with me on this one - while she isn’t specifically a ‘social equity’ debate, Lizzo’s emergence as a breakout singer of 2019 intersects with a lot of social equity movements, from body positivity and feminism to racial justice and self-empowerment. Her upcoming shows in Australia sold out in minutes, which speaks to her newfound popularity as a global star. What is it about Lizzo that resonates with so many people? What and who does she represent? Is the new decade also a watershed moment for diversity in entertainment? Lizzo taps into the real meaning of freedom in 2019 (07/10/2019) Lizzo, pop’s reigning phenomenon, brings her juice to Australia (05/01/2020)

3. Gender Wage Gap in Sport

Again, this one isn’t too new, but a fresh wave of activism for equal pay in sport was sparked this year by Megan Rapinoe, the captain of the US women’s national soccer team (which won the World Cup in 2019). She, her team and the men’s team sued the national soccer federation for gender discrimination and other countries, Australia included, followed suit. Why does the wage gap exist and what are the reasons for closing it? Is a preference for the men’s game enough to justify paying women less (despite the fact that preferences like this are usually rooted in misogyny and are subjective anyway)? And how does this translate between different sports such as soccer, AFLW and tennis (where Serena Williams and Novak Djokovic have clashed over this before)? AFLW pay dispute is over (28/10/2019) Matildas become first women’s team in world football to be paid the same as men’s team (video, 05/11/2019) Australia’s women footballers get equal pay in landmark deal (06/11/2019) ‘We Have To Be Better’: Megan Rapinoe and the Year of Victory and Advocacy (18/12/2019)

4. Newstart

Newstart is Australia’s income support for those aged 22 to 64 who are unemployed. Though a form of social security, it’s fallen behind in terms of how much economic security it can provide recently, with years of no real increases (that is, increases which offset inflation - basically things are getting more expensive and even if Newstart increases, it doesn’t give you more purchasing power in reality). Is it finally time to increase Newstart? There was some discussion around the holiday season being particularly expensive, but should an increase be permanent? How hard is it to get a job in today’s economy? And are the payments enough to live on if you can’t find a job? Morrison government defends Newstart amid criticism it is among low est welfare payments in OECD (08/10/2019) Report highlights social crisis confronting Australian youth on welfare (14/12/2019) Survey finds two-thirds of Australians back a Newstart Christmas boost (22/12/2019) The economic case for increasing Newstart (01/01/2020)

5. First Nations Justice

'Voice' was the Australian National Dictionary Centre’s word of the year in 2019 , in the context of Indigenous representation in the Australian parliament. A Voice to Parliament would enshrine Indigenous input into laws and policies on issues affecting First Nations communities, and has been called for by activists for some time now. How does this tie into/is this distinct from other issues such as constitutional recognition? Why haven’t we seen a lot of progress or consensus on these issues? And what might it mean for those communities to be able to make autonomous decisions? There’s a 60,000-Year-Old Way to Help Stop Australia Burning (16/12/2019) ‘I feel unchained’: Mauboy adds her voice to Indigenous recognition campaign (29/12/2019) The Voice to Parliament isn’t a new idea – Indigenous activists called for it nearly a century ago (02/01/2020) ‘It can be more controversial’: Costello warns on constitutional recognition for Indigenous Australians (02/01/2020)

1. Teaching as a Decreasingly Popular Profession

Australian teachers have been struggling with increasingly difficult jobs and flat-lining pay in recent years, and teachers’ unions haven’t been able to successfully find a solution to offset these concerns. Tertiary students are now turning away from pursuing a career in education , and there could be many reasons as to why. What does this mean for the future of Australian education? In what ways do you as a student feel the impacts? And what could be some solutions - perhaps both from a teacher’s point of view, but also from a student-centric viewpoint? Three charts on teachers’ pay in Australia: it starts out OK, but goes downhill pretty quickly (02/09/2019) The epic failure at the root of Australia’s maths problem (06/12/2019) Why male teachers are disappearing from Australian sc hools (12/12/2019) A new voice for class teachers (30/12/2019)

2. Australia Falling Behind

Unfortunately, Australian students have been falling behind many of their global counterparts in terms of educational outcomes - we even hit our worst ever results in the OECD’s international student assessment in 2018. What does this mean in an increasingly globalised world and is there a way to turn this around? How might a student perspective on this be unique from that of a politician for example, or another stakeholder? And is education an isolated issue, or should we be looking at more holistic solutions that incorporate health-related, economic and/or social solutions as well? Murri School students experience social and emotional benefits from six-day nature camp (13/10/2019 - a bit of a reach, but an interesting read about education outside of the traditional classroom) No need to panic – we can fix Australian schools. But to rush the reform is to ruin it (08/12/2019) Coalition to review Australian education curriculum in bid to reverse fall in student results (11/12/2019) Aboriginal English recognition in schools critical for improving student outcomes for Indigenous Australians (21/12/2019) We love to criticise the United States, but guess what? Their public schools are better than ours (04/01/2019)

This is another one of those long-running debates, though it’s on the table again as the ACT has recently legalised recreational cannabis . This goes against federal law, which still bans the possession and use of weed, and makes Canberra the first Australian jurisdiction to decriminalise it. Canberra has also led the way on issues such as same-sex marriage, legalising it as early as 2013 (four years before the rest of the nation would follow suit). Discussion about other drugs such as ecstasy has also been raised as a result, and this piece might be an interesting read on why different drugs have different legal statuses. Still, is legalising pot the way to go considering how other Western democracies are already moving in this direction? Is it even a harmful drug at all? And what about the others, such as ecstasy? Or even alcohol, for that matter? Nation’s capital legalises cannabis for personal use (25/09/2019) Peter Dutton: government may overturn ‘dangerous’ ACT decision to legalise cannabis (25/09/2019) Australia could be the first country to legalise ecstasy – are we going too far? (03/10/2019) Canberra women with endometriosis are self-medicating with cannabis, but legalising the drug might not help (28/12/2019)

2. Climate Grief

This is an interesting and pretty recent phenomenon - climate grief or climate burnout are new terms that have come into existence to describe the mental health impacts of the climate crisis. In particular, they describe the frustration and despair that people may feel as a result, given that progress on reducing carbon emissions is frighteningly slow and natural disasters are becoming more frequent and devastating at the same time. What is your take on it and who’s feeling it? Do you have to be affected by disasters, or can it also affect young people who feel pessimistic about the future of the planet? And what could be some strategies for overcoming it? What is the importance of seeing climate through a health lens and how might it inspire activism or change? Australian Farmers Muddled in Mental Health Crisis (26/09/2019 - a good read on how climate issues intersect with economic issues as well) Australian town breaks record for mental health awareness following devastating flood (16/12/2019) Australian bushfires could lead to a mental health crisis, expert warns (03/01/2020)

3. Mental Health

2019 saw some other new developments in the conversation around mental health in Australia. A report found that mental health concerns are getting more widespread among young people, while government investment doesn’t really seem to be effective. Meanwhile, we’re also seeing progress on destigmatising mental health issues within sport - overseas, athletes such as Paul Merson and Stan Collymore have shared stories of their battles, while Cricket Australia looks into ways of creating more supportive environments for their players. How can we streamline the message around mental health, or the relevant support networks? What solutions haven’t we tried yet, and how might the discussion around this shift in the next decade? What are the implications if we don’t address these issues? Note that this can be a sensitive issue which may cause distress to some people. Mental health issues increasing among Austra lians (30/09/2019) Push to get wellbeing counsellors into schools as mental health bill costs Australia billions (31/10/2019) What’s driving poor mental health among young Australians? We asked them (20/11/2019) Kevin Roberts: Cricket Australia committed to better understanding menta l health (14/12/2019) People with mental illness less likely to get cancer screening (03/01/2020)

4. Abortions in NSW

NSW recently legalised abortions for pregnancies shorter than 22 weeks after one of the longest debates in their state Upper House. While the choice versus life debate has raged around the world for decades now (i.e. maybe don’t do a pro-choice speech that people will have heard before, and probably don’t do a pro-life speech in 2020), what is the landscape of the debate like in our day and age? Who opposes it and why? What is the problem with making health issues criminal issues instead (e.g. drug policy as well)? And what other issues might be linked to this? Can someone who is pro-life also support tougher border restrictions that lead to refugee deaths at sea, for example? Note that this can be a sensitive issue which may cause distress to some people. Why NSW is still fighting about abortion (17/09/2019) Controversial abortion bill passes NSW Upper House after long-haul debate (25/09/2019) Abortion Is Now Legal in NSW After Controversial Bill Passes Lower House (26/09/2019) NSW abortion law: doctors say last-minute changes ‘unnecessary’ but manageable (26/09/2019)

Wondering where to go from here? Well, luckily, my eBook, How To Write A Killer Oral Presentation , details my exact step-by-step process so you can get that A+ in your SAC this year.

Welcome to 2014! As many of you will already be in your second or third week of schooling, it’s likely that you’re getting plenty of workload from across your subjects. Some of you may very well be preparing for your oral presentation SAC that’s coming up very soon! If that is the case, I’ve collated a list of some popular topics that have cropped up in the Australian media since September last year. The list is intended to help you brainstorm different issues you may wish to debate in your speech, with the contention left for you to decide once you have researched enough on the topic! Check it out below:

Whether you consider yourself a Frankenstein expert, or someone who is a bit taken back by the density of the novel and Shelley’s writing, do not fret! Below I will outline 3 tips which, will hopefully give you a clearer perspective on how to approach writing on Frankenstein! Let’s get started!


Since the book was set during the Age of Enlightenment and the Romantic era, Shelley essentially used Frankenstein as a vessel to criticise and warn readers against many of the values upheld during her era. It’s therefore crucial that you address this!

The late 18th century and the first decades of the 19th century were exciting times for science and exploration. Shelley’s two main protagonists, Walton and Frankenstein, both passionately sough to discover what had previously been hidden. Walton wanted to be the first to find a passage through the Arctic Circle; Frankenstein wanted to be the first to create manmade life, to uncover the mysteries of Nature.  Both men claimed to be desirous of benefitting humankind but both wanted glory more. This obsession to win accolades for their discoveries will destroy Victor, and turn Walton for a while into a hard taskmaster over his crew.

Juxtaposed against these two characters is Henry Clerval. Clerval, too, has an inquiring mind but he also cares about humanity, family and friends. He represents the balanced human being who is sociable, compassionate, intelligent and loyal to his friends. Victor’s ability to reanimate the dead, to bring to life his gigantic Creature using the newly discovered electricity, makes him a genius but also a monster. In his inexperience he botches the work producing a hideous and terrifying creature with, ironically, initially all the virtues of the ideal man of he world. Repulsed by his amateurish handiwork, Victor abandons his creation, setting in place the vengeance that will unfold later.

Try to ground any response to Shelley’s text in the enormous enthusiasm for new discoveries and new geographic phenomena that attracted lavish praise for those who went where others feared to tread. It was this praise that drove Walton and Frankenstein to exceed reasonable expectations becoming reckless and careless of the consequences of their actions.


Walton, Frankenstein and the Creature are interconnected in so many ways – whether it be their isolation, ambition, desire for companionship, desire for vengeance or the Romantic values they share. I’ve also noted that it is also really easy to connect themes in Frankenstein as the tragic story-arc of the novel is built upon many different causes. What I mean by this is that there is a clearly define relationship between isolation, ambition and vengeance (and ultimately tragedy) in the sense that isolation is what led to the brewing of unchecked ambition which essentially causes the resultant tragedy.

Take Frankenstein for example: having left his loving family and friends, who provided him with love and companionship for Ingolstadt, there was no one to hold him back from his natural tendencies towards unchecked ambitions, leading him to creating the monster who out of spite towards society kills all of Frankenstein’s loved ones, leading them towards the desire for mutual destruction. Being able to see these links and draw them together will not only add depth to your writing but it also arms you with the ability to be able to deal with a wider array of prompts.


While Walton, Frankenstein and the Creature can be discussed incredibly thoroughly (and by all means go ahead and do it), but it is also very important to consider the novel as a whole and talk about, if not more thoroughly, on the minor characters. While characters such as the De Laceys, villagers and the rustic in the forest can be used to highlight the injustices brought upon the creature and people’s natural instincts of self preservation and prejudice, innocent characters such as Elizabeth and Justine can be used to emphasise the injustice of society and the consequences of unchecked ambition and isolation.

Henry Clerval (like previously mentioned) can be contrasted against Walton and his best friend Frankenstein to show that as long as we have a balanced lifestyle and companionship, ambition will not lead us to ruin. Characters such as the Turkish merchant can also have parallels drawn with Frankenstein in telling how our selfish desire and actions, born out of inconsideration for their consequences, can backfire with great intensity. Lastly the character of Safie (someone I used a lot in my discussions) can be compared and contrasted with the Creature to show the different treatment they receive despite both being “outsiders” to the De Laceys due to their starkly different appearances.

Mentioning these characters and utilising these contrasts can be monumental in showing your understanding of the novel and by extension, your English analytical ability.

[Video Transcription]

‍ Hey guys, I'm Lisa, welcome back to Lisa's Study Guides. Today, we're going to be talking about Frankenstein and breaking down an essay topic for it. So in the past, I've done plenty of videos looking at different types of essay topics and breaking them down by looking at keywords and then going into the body paragraphs and looking at those ideas. This time round, the takeaway message that I want you to leave with is understanding what types of evidence you should be using inside your body paragraphs. Specifically, I wanted to talk about literary devices or metalanguage. Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein uses so many literary devices that it's impossible to ignore. If you are somebody who is studying this text or other texts that you use and are heavily embedded with literary techniques, then it's really important that you don't just use dialogue as part of your quotes, but actually reading between the lines. I'll teach you on how it's not just about finding dialogue, which you include as quotes inside your body paragraphs, but reading between the lines, so looking at literary devices like metaphors, symbols, imagery, so let's get started. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein constitutes escaping critique of the prioritization of scientific advancement over human welfare and relationship. Dr. Frankenstein is fascinated with science and discovery, he is consumed with the idea of a new and more noble race by stitching up dead body parts from a cemetery. He feverishly works away at his experiment until one day the creature is born. Frankenstein is horrified at the living thing he has made and completely rejects the creature, leaving it without a parental figure. The creature is left alone to look after himself. He educates himself and on repeated occasions tries to approach people in society, however, is rejected every time because of his monstrous appearance. As a result, the creature becomes enraged at humanity and Frankenstein's unfair treatment towards him and consequently exacts revenge on Frankenstein and his family. The essay topic we'll be looking at today is, Our sympathies in this novel ultimately lie with the creature. Discuss. So in previous videos, we've looked at keywords, how to identify them and how to define them. Since it's pretty straightforward for this essay topic, I thought I would skip that part and then go into the more nitty gritty with the body paragraphs. But, if you are unfamiliar with these steps, then I'll link them in the card above and also in the description below so you can have a look at how I went ahead and did the keyword section in my planning, now back to the prompt. Unequivocally within Frankenstein, Shelley portrays sympathy as spread throughout the text through depicting the creature as innately human through his desire for relationship and the challenges he faces at the hands of the prejudice enlightenment society he's born into, Shelley elicits sympathy for his situation. However, through the notable absence of the female gender throughout the text, Shelley portrays those silent within society as most deserving of sympathy. So, with this in mind, here are the potential paragraphs in response to this prompt. Paragraph one, Shelley's depiction of the creature as innately human motivates support for his challenges at the hands of a prejudice society. The action of the creature to open his dull yellow eye, symbolic of his nature as a human being alongside a green wrinkled on his cheeks, with one hand stretched out, indicates his simple desire for paternal connection. Through constructing the creature's actions as innately human Shelley acts proleptically of the inequitable experiences the creature will experience throughout the structural architecture of the text. And through doing so, depicts his character as worthy of support. Similarly, through the metaphor of fire, Shelley explores the duality of progress and innovation of which the creature desires. The fire, one that gives light as well as heat, yet also causes a cry of pain, indicates the hardships of the creature in his isolation, whereby, his forced to withdraw from his desire for education. Upon viewing himself in a pool, the creature becomes "fully convinced that I was in reality [a] monster" with the consequent sensations of despondency and mortification granting the reader the opportunity to sympathize with the creature in order to indicate the intensely negative social prejudices that are inflicted upon the creature. So you can see that we've looked at symbols of the creature's nature and the metaphor of fire to support our topic sentence. Using literary techniques is what's going to make the difference between you and another student who might be saying the same thing. Why? Because when you look at literary devices, it means that you're reading just beyond the lines, just beyond what's in front of you. You're now introducing your own interpretation, so you're looking at fire and thinking about what that means in connection to the text, and why Mary Shelley would use the term of a fire and revolve her discussion around that. So let's see how we keep doing this in the next body paragraph. Paragraph two, Shelley indicates the significance of relationships as a key element of human nature that the creature is denied, motivating affinity from readers. In replacement of human relationships, the creature rather seeks comfort within the natural world. The metaphorical huge cloak that the creature takes refuge within indicates this, illustrative of an ecosystem, the forest allows the creator to surround himself with life. The subsequent attempts to "imitate the pleasant songs of the birds" reveals the desperate urge of the creature for companionship as he is abandoned by the paternal relationship represented by Victor Frankenstein, which forms a core of human relationships. Again, here we've discussed the metaphorical huge cloak and its connection with the forest, I strongly encourage you to have the goal of discussing at least one literary device per body paragraph. And no, there is no such thing as talking about too many literary devices because it's really just about whether or not your argument is concise and whether or not you're backing that up with evidence. Paragraph three. However, it is Shelley's depiction of the submissive female sex within Frankenstein that becomes most deserving of sympathy. Each female character is characterized as passive, disposable, and they're serving a utilitarian function, namely as a channel of action for the male characters within the text. Notably, the complete lack of absence of Margaret Saville, functioning only as an audience for Walton's letters exemplifies this. Margaret's role within the text is simply to enable Walton to relay the story of Frankenstein and as such were the most necessary character of the texts whilst the most distant. This ironic dichotomy enables Shelley to exemplify the difficult role of the female within society, arising sympathy from the readership. Here, even the purposeful emission of a character is discussed as a language technique. So, this type of literary device definitely tops the cake because you're literally looking at what's not even there. That's definitely reading between the lines. Frankenstein is a very complex novel, and sometimes that's what makes it a difficult text to study. But, it lends itself to many unique interpretations and it's heavily dressed with heaps of literary devices or metalanguage, however you want to call it. So, that's what makes it an absolutely fantastic text for high school students to study. If you wanted to find out more on how to nail a Frankenstein essay, then I'll link you to my blog just down below, because there are definitely more tips there to help you excel in this particular text. Thank you so much for watching, and especially even if you're not studying this text, I hope you've been able to take something away from this video. And I'm confident that you have because talking about literary devices is definitely a topic that isn't necessarily the fore front of discussion in classrooms, and it's something that a lot of people struggle with. So, I hope you are able to walk away with a new goal in sight in order to improve your English essays. So, I will see you guys next time, thank you so much for joining me, see you guys soon. Bye!

Have a go at analysing it yourself first, then see how I've interpreted the article below! For a detailed guide on Language Analysis including how to prepare for your SAC and exam, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Language Analysis .


Author:  Professor Chris Lee

Type of article:  Speech

Publisher:  None

Date of publication:  25 – 27th October, 2010

Contention:  We, as humans must consider our impact on biodiversity and take action to change our lifestyles before we damage the world beyond repair.

Number of article(s):  1

Number of image(s):  2

Source:  VCAA website

Note: Persuasive techniques can be interpreted in many ways. The examples given below are not the single correct answer. Only a selected number of persuasive techniques have been identified in this guide.

Taking Stock Analysis

Persuasive technique:  Reputable Source

Example:  ‘United Nations stated: “It is a celebration of life on earth and of the value of biodiversity in our lives. The world is invited to take action in 2010 to safeguard the variety of life on earth: biodiversity”.’

Analysis:   The use of a reputable source indicates that 1) the author has done his research and is therefore credible, 2) his opinion is supported by an expert group, thus strengthening his reasoning and opinion in regards to biodiversity.

Persuasive technique:  Rhetorical questions

Example:  ‘Has this been a year of celebration of life on earth? Has this, in fact, been a year of action?’

Analysis:  The use of rhetorical questions aims to portray to listeners that the answer is obvious, that humans have not done enough to help biodiversity. As a result, listeners are manipulated into agreeing with the author since if they were to refute the answer; it will appear as though they are nonsensical.

Persuasive technique:  Personal approach

Example:  ‘It is with great pleasure – though not without a tinge of sadness’

Analysis:  By introducing himself with ‘it is with great pleasure’, listeners are invited to reciprocate the feeling of welcome for Lee and hence be open to his opinion. His subsequent, ‘though not without a tinge of sadness’ suggests to listeners that he is disappointed with the current state of biodiversity, which may persuade listeners to feel as though they should help fix the situation.

Persuasive technique:  Statistics

Example:  ‘35% of mangroves, 40% of forests and 50% of wetlands.’

Analysis:  The incorporation of the apparently reliable and credible statistics testifies for Lee’s opinion and thus may persuade listeners to believe that it is indeed, ‘too late for [species]’.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to sense of guilt

Example:  ‘Due to our own thoughtless human actions, species are being lost at a rate that is estimated to be up to 100 times the natural rate of extinction.’

Analysis:  Since the destruction of biodiversity is ‘due to our own thoughtless human actions’, Lee aims to incite a sense of guilt as listeners appear to be selfish, which may urge them to agree that they need to cease being inconsiderate and do more to improve biodiversity.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to humanity

Example:  ‘Reversing this negative trend is not only possible, but essential to human wellbeing.’

Analysis:  The appeal to humanity, ‘essential to human wellbeing’ encourages listeners to support Lee since it is our instinctive for humans to nurture ourselves and others.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to sense of pride

Example:  ‘We are, in truth, the most educated generation of any to date. We have no excuse for inaction.’

Analysis:  Through the appeal to a sense of pride, Lee aims to coax listeners into believing that they have ‘no excuse for inaction’ since only those who are ‘intelligent’ would understand and agree with his stance.

Persuasive technique:  Attack on the listener

Example:  ‘YOUR country – actually done since 2002 to contribute to the achievement of our goals?’

Analysis:  The attack aims to leave listeners in a state of vulnerability since it is clear that many have failed to ‘achieve…[the] goals’. Once in this state, listeners may be more inclined to accept Lee’s stance.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal for sympathy

Example:  ‘Biodiversity loss undermines the food security, nutrition and health of the rural poor and even increases their vulnerability. ‘

Analysis:   Though the reference to ‘the rural poor,’ Lee aims to appeal to listeners’ sympathy and may invite support since it is instinctive to wish for the best for humanity, rather than to see the poor experience a lack of ‘food security, nutrition and health.’

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to pride

Example:  ‘As leaders in the area of biodiversity’

Analysis:   The appeal to pride through positioning listeners as ‘leaders’ invites support since it is innate for humans to wish to be thought of as a person who is respected and powerful.

Persuasive technique:  Inclusive Language

Example:  ‘we know what damage our lifestyle is doing to our world’

Analysis:  The use of inclusive language aims to involve listeners with the issue, thus encouraging support since listeners may feel responsible for the future outcome of biodiversity.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to sense of urgency

Example:  ‘The time for talk is over: now, truly, is the time for serious action.

Analysis:  By appealing to a sense of urgency, Lee aims to urge listeners to take responsibility since it appears as though the damage to biodiversity will be too late if we fail to take ‘serious action…now.’

Persuasive technique:  A sense of responsibility

Example:  2010 with outlines of nature

Analysis:  The incorporation of a background of ‘2010’ with outlines of animals, plants and humans aims to demonstrate to listeners that earth is shared by all species, with none dominating another in an attempt to gain listeners’ sense of responsibility since they are part of the biodiversity issue, yet can also be the solution to the problem.

Persuasive technique:  Pun

Example:  ‘Taking Stock’

Analysis:  The first meaning used for the pun suggests to listeners that they need to ‘take stock’ or in other words, scrutinise the dire situation of biodiversity in call for much needed attention to the issue. Through referring to the second meaning of ‘stock’ as animals, Lee intends to appeal to a sense of guilt since he projects the idea that humans are cruelly annihilating the environment by ‘taking’ whatever ‘stock’ for their own self-centered purposes.

Persuasive technique:  Appeal to responsibility

Example:  ‘earth is in our hands’

Analysis:  By placing the ‘earth…in our hands,’ Lee aims to urge a sense of responsibility on behalf of the listeners which in turn, may cause them to agree with the notion to take ‘serious action’ in the name of biodiversity.

Persuasive technique:  Use of reputable source

Example:  ‘Biodiversity is the greatest treasure we have . . . Its diminishment is to be prevented at all costs. Thomas Eisner’

Analysis:  The reference to ecologist, Thomas Eisner attempts to persuade listeners to support Lee since experts in the field of biodiversity recommend that the earth needs to be cherished.

Whether you’re studying english, literature or even language it’s hard to avoid Shakespeare. So, we’re going to take a broad look at: Shakespeare’s historical context, his language, and of course, what this means for interpreting his plays. Since Shakespeare has so many plays chances are your text will be excluded. Instead I’m going to use Othello as a case study.

Before you start reading, LSG's Ultimate Guide to VCE Text Response is a must-read for anybody studying VCE English.

Othello follows the Moorish general Othello and his relationship with his wife, Desdemona. The antagonist Iago is jealous that Cassio was made Lieutenant instead of him, and seeks vengeance on Othello. Iago attempts to destroy Othello’s reputation, and uses the rich but foolish Roderigo to fund his revenge plot. Through careful manipulation of his Wife Emilia, Roderigo, Cassio, and Othello, Iago convinces Othello that Desdemona is unfaithful, sending him into an obsessive jealousy. When Emilia steals Desdemona’s handkerchief, a token of Othello’s love, and Desdemona cannot produce it, Othello believes he has all the information necessary to condemn Desdemona. He smothers her to death, before Emilia reveals Iago’s involvement. Othello, struck by regret, stabs himself, declaring that he “loved not wisely but too well”

So who is this Shakespeare guy? And more importantly, what kind of a world did he live in?

Shakespeare was born in England in 1564, in the middle of the Renaissance Period. This period of “rebirth” was categorised by the increasing reliance on ancient classical authors for information about the world. This is why Shakespeare plots are famously reinterpretations of Ancient histories and Roman plays. Changes in education resulted in the Elizabethan moral and social customs being questioned. This included the Divine Right of Kings, and notions of gender and identity.

Religion is also significant in this period, and the Protestant Reformation is a subject often alluded to by Shakespeare. It is necessary to contextualise Shakespeare within the Renaissance period, because as you will see, themes, words, and references that make very little sense to us were common knowledge in Shakespeare’s time, and understanding them boosts our appreciation of his work.

The context and intent of the author are important considerations when studying VCE English or Literature. For more on this, read Context and Authorial Intention in VCE English .

The Language

Now that we understand when Shakespeare was writing, let’s look at how.

Starting as broadly as possible, Shakespeare’s difficult-to-read language is actually Early-Modern English, and so many words Shakespeare used are either lost or unused in modern English. Any good copy of Shakespeare will have definitions of these words in the margin or opposite page.

Moving in closer, we have the two types of plays, Tragedy and Comedy.

Comedy is tonally more light-hearted, and has an apparently happy-ending. These are Twelfth Night , Much Ado About Nothing, or As You Like It among others. Despite being made to entertain, they are rarely unsophisticated, and the genre may mask something more sinister. For example, the character of Malvolio in Twelfth Night is entertaining and presented as self-obsessed, but could be used as an example of Shakespeare critiquing masculinity in Elizabethan society, as Malvolio feels entitled to Olivia’s affections.

Tragedies cannot be defined by their tone, however. They are defined by a tragic hero, who has a fatal flaw or Hamartia that results in their downfall. This may be Othello’s Jealousy, Macbeth’s ambition, or Brutus’ naivety in Julius Caesar . These traits all cause the tragic heroes’ demise, as their hamartia leads them to make bad decisions or fail to address the real evil. Tragedies will usually end in the unnecessary loss of lives and an unhappy ending for all involved. Most of Shakespeare’s plays fit into tragedy, including most of those based on historical figures. An analysis considering the conventions of Tragedy--like hamartia and tragic heroes--is a great way to stand out when discussing Shakespeare, and so when interpreting a tragedy you should consider what about it is tragic. For example, is Othello a tragedy because Iago is able to manipulate Othello, or is Othello’s jealousy and mistrust ever-present? Either of these options reveals Othello to be a tragedy, however they both say different things about the characters and plot. If Iago manipulates Othello, the tragedy is because a fundamental good person is corrupted. However if Othello was always mistrusting, the play becomes tragic as the audience must watch an unloving marriage slowly dissolve.

Next, we have the two ways Shakespeare formats his dialogue. Students will often focus on what the characters say without considering how it is said. Knowing the difference between Verse and Prose and how they are used is an easy way to stand out in an essay.

Verse is essentially poetry, where one line follows another. It can rhyme, but often doesn’t. What Shakespeare verse will ALWAYS do, however, is follow the Iambic Pentameter. This is a line of poetry with 10 syllables where every second syllable is stressed. This creates a kind of bounce or flow like a heartbeat. The easiest way to recognise this is to count the syllables in each line: thus / do / i / ev / er / make / my / fool / my / purse. Pay attention to when it is not followed, or when characters are interrupted during the pentameter. When the pentameter is interrupted by another character, look at who is interrupting it. It is likely to reveal a power dynamic between the two characters. Alternatively, a character finishing the pentameter, literally finishing their sentence, could be a symbol of love or affection between them. Using linguistic devices like the iambic pentameter as evidence shows an understanding of the text beyond the words spoken

The alternative format is prose . It’s used quite sparingly so look out for it. Is the way we speak normally in conversation, or how a normal novel is written. You can tell a character is speaking in prose as it’s usually just a big chunk of text. Shakespeare’s prose can reveal different things, so it depends on the context and the character using it. In act 1 scene 3 of Othello, Iago speaks to Roderigo in prose and then transitions to verse once Roderigo leaves. This displays Iago’s ability to code-switch and manipulate those around him with words. Prose is considered more simplistic, so in order to control Roderigo, who is presented as quite dumb, Iago relies on simple language, bringing himself to Roderigo’s level. This is directly contrasted with Iago’s use of the complex verse form, which he uses at all other times.

Interpreting Shakespeare

We’ve now covered Shakespeare’s historical context, his play styles, and his dialogue, but what should we look for when reading Shakespeare that allows us to use this information in a text response or close passage analysis. I’ve already given some examples of how Shakespeare’s language is relevant to his themes, but I’m going to give a rough guide of what themes are common in Shakespeare’s plays, and how they are shown in the language.

Fate versus free-will

This is a theme that can lead to a long discussion and gives you the opportunity to express your own opinion. Are the characters acting with free-will, or is some other force impacting their fate? This isn’t really in Othello, so let’s look quickly at Macbeth; if we consider fate versus free-will with the characteristics of a tragedy in mind, then the tragic hero must act freely even though his ‘fatal flaw’ will lead to his demise. However, the inclusion of the witches in Macbeth subverts the tragic structure and implies Macbeth is being toyed with. Even though Macbeth believes he is in control his fate is met, so is it a coincidence that his decisions fulfill his fate, or was the Witches’ prophecy real?

Appearance versus reality

The different uses of verse and prose are a good way to show when characters are genuine or performing for others. I have already mentioned how Iago ‘code-switches’ by using prose to speak to Roderigo, appearing simple and ‘laid-back,’ but his revelatory soliloquy in verse displays his true nature, both in the content of the speech, and the way it is presented.

Order and disorder

In Othello, disorder could be represented by Iago, destabilising the lives of those around him through his use of rhetoric and manipulation. Order is then returned when Iago is revealed and Othello takes his life, recognising himself as tragically misused. Analysing the theme of order and disorder would support the interpretation that Othello is a good man controlled and abused by disorder and manipulation.

So, hopefully this very brief introduction helps you get into Shakespeare! Even if I didn’t cover your text, the use of tragic heroes, prose, verse, and iambic pentameter are things evident in all Shakespeare plays, so you just have to make it relevant to your text. And remember that in order to read Shakespeare, one must first read Shakespeare. It may take several readings or viewings to grasp what is happening in the play, only after that can you start to analyse in the way I have today.

Updated on 11/12/2020

[Modified Video Transcription]

Hey guys, welcome to another week of Lisa's Study Guides. Thank you so much to everyone who came to the VCE expo that happened last Thursday through to Sunday. It was so great meeting so many of you - I really did not expect this many of you to rock up and say hi, but I'm so grateful that you did. So, thank you again so much! It just reinforces that what I'm doing is being really helpful to you guys, and I'm so glad! I'm going to keep going with this. I'm going to keep making sure that I offer you guys amazing English tips on this channel. So, hit that subscribe button below ( check out our YouTube channel here ), if you do support, and make sure you tell your friends about it as well, because the more love we can share, the more we help each other out.

Today we're going to be talking about tones . You might be interested in looking at tones because you are analyzing articles, but sometimes we're also looking at tones when it comes to the author's writing style when it comes to texts. 

So, What Is a Tone and Why Is It Important? 

A tone is essentially the attitude that an author takes towards their piece. What is really important is that you realise that there's a difference between tone and mood .

Mood has to do more so with the reader's response to an article, whereas tone is the approach that the author has towards the piece. 

It's definitely tricky trying to identify tones, but there are a few things that you can ask yourself to help steer yourself in the right direction. 

First thing is: does the author have a positive or negative attitude towards a certain idea? For example, if the author says, 'I can't wait to go to this party' (said in an enthusiastic tone), as opposed to saying, 'I can't wait to go to this party' (said in a sarcastic tone), who do you think is more excited about the party? Probably the first one. In this case, it's been a little bit easier because you see visually how I approached it, but if you just listen to what I've said, the first tone is immersed with a lot more enthusiasm, whereas the second one is sarcasm. Just remember that even though I said it was enthusiasm and sarcasm, if you yourself interpreted it differently than that is okay. 

Remember with English, as always, there's not always that one perfect answer. Everyone interprets things differently. It's just a matter of you being able to back it up with your own evidence and your own explanation of why you've come to this certain tone.

So, any form of human emotion can ultimately be translated into a tone. So, whether that is being nostalgic, honoured, sentimental, condescending - these are all tones. And, there are actually so many tones that I've linked a link down below that goes to my blog (if you’re reading this you’re already on our blog!) that includes 195 tones you can choose from. I've also separated these turns into positive, neutral and negative tones and divided them yet again, depending on the type of emotion in order to help steer you in the right direction in picking out a tone amongst all the many, many tones that are available out there. 

One more additional tip is that authors can also change their tone . So these can be called tonal shifts , or shifts in tone. An author might not start a book with the same tone and finish it with that same tone - so much has happened throughout the entire book or the event, or maybe even if it's just an article, depending on what they're talking about, they can change their tones. Don't get tripped up by that, acknowledge that sometimes throughout a piece there will be modifications. And, if you're able to pick that up, then that goes a really long way when showing off your efforts to your teachers or examiners. 

So, just as a heads up, these tips that I've spoken about are all in our ebook How To Write A Killer Language Analysis . If you're keen to find out more about tones, then go ahead and check it out . There's more there, more examples to help test you, to see whether you're on the right track, more questions that you need to ask yourself to find the right tone and what you can do with tonal changes. I'm also going to do something a little bit different today, I'll write down three different sentences and I want you guys to interpret them your own way and tell me what tones do you think they are? I think this will be a fun exercise to bring our community together. And I'd just love to see what you guys have to say. I'll check in with you guys next time! Alright, let's see what different tones you identify from these sentences:

1. Check out my new shoes, I just got them yesterday!

2. It was long since I had returned to this place; the memories washed over me wave after wave. 

3. It is imperative that we initiate fair laws for all workers!

List of Tones for Language Analysis

We've all struggled with identifying tones for language analysis. So, I've compiled an assortment of tones you can choose from, categorised into their 'intensities'! For a detailed guide on Language Analysis including how to prepare for your SAC and exam, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Language Analysis .

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Updated 14/12/2020

1. Introduction

Although it appears on criteria sheets, many students never really understand the term  metalanguage . Strangely, it is something that is rarely addressed in classrooms. While the word may be foreign to you, rest assured that metalanguage is not an entirely new concept you have to learn. How come? Because you have been unknowingly using metalanguage since the very beginning of high school.

It's a word that is more and more frequently thrown around as you get more advanced in high school. And, it's something that becomes tremendously important in your final year of high school, because the more you include metalanguage discussion in your essays, the more intricate your discussion becomes and the more unique it also becomes.

So, let's find out exactly what metalanguage is.

2. Definition of Metalanguage

Metalanguage is  language that describes language .

So, instead of maybe using the word, "He was sad ", we might say something like, "He felt sorrowful " . The choice in words changes the meaning that is interpreted by the reader, just slightly, but there is still a difference. So, when it comes to studying texts or reading articles, and trying to analyze what the author is trying to do, we look at metalanguage as a way to help give us insight into the ideas that they're trying to portray.

The simplest way to explain this is to focus on part 3 of the English exam – Language Analysis. In Language Analysis , we look at the author’s writing and label particular phrases with persuasive techniques such as: symbolism, imagery or personification. Through our description of the way an author writes (via the words ‘symbolism’, ‘imagery’ or ‘personification’), we have effectively used language that describes language.

Now, if we look at the bigger picture, our analysis of an author’s language can be applied to Text Response, and even Reading and Comparing. To learn more about why metalanguage is important in Text Response, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Text Response . Otherwise, for those interested in Comparative, head over to our Ultimate Guide to VCE Comparative .

3. Examples of Metalanguage in VCE English

For example

As you can see, the word 'foreshadows' pushes us in a new direction. Rather than just saying what has already happened or telling your teacher or examiner something that they already know, it forces you to actually analyze what's in front of you and to offer your own unique interpretation of why this metalanguage or why this technique has been used.

*If you happen to be studying this text, check out our All About Eve Character Profiles .

When Terry leaves Friendly’s bar, the thick fog symbolises his clouded moral judgement as he decides whether he should remain ‘D and D’, or become a ‘rat’. ( On the Waterfront , Elia Kazan)

In Medea , the motif of animals emphasizes the inhuman and bestial nature of Medea, highlighting how she defies natural norms.

This student has actually given us an analysis of why animal motifs are used. And that is to highlight how Medea defies natural norms, because of her inhuman and bestial nature.

4. Conclusion

As indicated earlier, you should be familiar with many, if not all the terms mentioned above. Take note that some metalanguage terms are specific to a writing form , such as camera angle for films. If you need help learning new terms, we have you covered - be sure to check out our metalanguage word banks for books and our metalanguage wordbank for films .

As you discuss themes or characters, you should try and weave metalanguage throughout your body paragraphs . The purpose of this criteria is to demonstrate your ability to understand how the author uses language to communicate his or her meaning. The key is to remember that the author’s words or phrases are always chosen with a particular intention – it is your job to investigate why the author has written a text in a particular way.

Hey guys, welcome back to Lisa's Study Guides. Today, I'm really excited to talk to you about metalanguage. Have you guys ever heard of metalanguage before? It's a word that is more and more frequently thrown around as you get more advanced in high school. And, it's something that becomes tremendously important in your final year of high school, because the more you include metalanguage discussion in your essays, the more intricate your discussion becomes and the more unique it also becomes. So, let's find out exactly what is metalanguage. Simply put, metalanguage just means language that analyses language. When authors write anything, we make certain decisions when it comes to writing. So, instead of maybe using the word, "He was sad", we might say something like, "He felt sorrowful". The choice in words changes the meaning that is interpreted by the reader, just slightly, but there is still a difference. So, when it comes to studying texts or reading articles and trying to analyse what the author is trying to do, we look at metalanguage as a way to help give us insight into the ideas that they're trying to portray.

Metalanguage comes in really handy, especially if you're somebody who struggles with retelling the story - I have a video on how to avoid retelling the story , which you can watch. Metalanguage essentially takes you to the next level. It prevents you from just saying what happened, and forces you into actually looking at how the ideas and themes are developed by the author through the words that they choose to use. So, let's have a look at a couple of examples to give you a better idea. I'm going to show you two examples. One uses metalanguage and one doesn't, and you'll see how a massive difference in how the student understands the text is really clear.

Number one, foreshadowing.

In the first scene of All About Eve , Mankiewicz emphasizes Eve's sorrowful expression as she accepts her award.

In the first scene of All About Eve , Mankiewicz foreshadows Eve's sinful and regretful actions, as a sorrowful expression is emphasized as she accepts her award. As you can see, as soon as we put in the word foreshadows, it pushes us in a new direction. Rather than just saying what has already happened or telling your teacher or examiner something that they already know, it forces you to actually analyse what's in front of you and to offer your own unique interpretation of why this metalanguage or why this technique has been used. So, in this case, it's foreshadowing. ‍ Let's have a look at another one, motif.

In Medea , Euripides commonly refers to animals when describing Medea's actions and temperament.

See how, in the first example, it was really just telling you what we might already know through just reading the book, but when it comes to the second example, this student has actually given us an analysis of why animal motifs are used. And that is to highlight how Medea defies natural norms, because of her inhuman and bestial nature. So, those are some examples of metalanguage. There are so many more different types of metalanguage out there...

This blog was updated on 23/10/2020.

1. Introductions

2. Characters

4. Literary Devices

5. Important Quotes

6. Comparing Penelopiad and Photograph 51 Video Transcription

7. Sample Essay Topics

8. Essay Breakdown

For a detailed guide on Comparative, check out our Ultimate Guide to VCE Comparative.


The Penelopiad by Margaret Atwood retells the story of the Odyssey by Homer from the perspective of Penelope, a half mortal and half divine princess who also happened to be the wife of Odysseus, and her Twelve Maids. A retrospective narrative, Atwood opens her mythological tale with Penelope and the Maids in the afterlife reflecting on the events that occurred centuries before. Told in chronological order from her birth, the Maids serve as a traditional part of greek theatre in their purpose of a Chorus as they make commentary on their life.  

Anna Ziegler’s play, Photograph 51 , is set during the 1950s in the age of scientific discovery as researchers are scrambling to be the first to unlock the mysteries of DNA. Its protagonist, scientist Rosalind Franklin is an under-appreciated genius working as the only female in her respective field. As one of her photographs uncover the truth of DNA, her competitors' ambition leads the men around her to success. 

The Penelopiad 

Major characters.

Minor Characters

Photograph 51

Both texts explore the use and demonstration of power in its various forms of physical displays of strength to the patriarchal forces that govern each texts respective world. Indeed, the power of men prevailing atop the social hierarchy while displacing those below them is a common theme within both texts. The authority associated with Icarius’ title of King allows his drunken and rude behaviour to go by unquestioned while in Photograph 51 Wilikins embodies the power possessed by white men. The patriarchal power that men possess within each of the respective texts becomes closely linked to fragile masculinity in their exertion of physical strength or intellectual superiority; Odysseus self-proclaimed superhuman strength is equated to Wilkins need for intellectual dominance, especially over the brilliant Rosalind. 

While the men within each text exert their inherent power of supposed supremacy, the women within each world draw are shown to draw on their physical appearance as a source of power or is shown to be disempowered by it. In The Penelopiad , Helens is known for her legendary beauty which she uses to relentlessly taunt Penelope, the proverbial ugly duckling, through which Atwood demonstrates how, like other forms of power, can be used to oppress others. Conversely, Photograph 51 examines how Rosalind is disempowered by her perceived lack of traditional physical beauty. Many of the men around her using her unflattering appearance to ridicule and minimise her and her work. 

While the time periods in which the two texts are set may greatly differ, the notion of identity is still a prevailing theme that is explored. Indeed, the role others perceptions play in each character's construction of their own self-worth and values provides both authors a basis for the examination of how societies enforce conformity while punishing uniqueness. In The Penelopiad, it can be seen that the glowing perceptions of Odysseus from his mother and his nurse nurture and grow Odysseus’ egocentric view of himself as a hero. In contrast Photograph 51 demonstrates the negative effects these perceptions can have on one’s self-identity, as the negative views that surround Rosalind ultimately make her question herself and her actions. 

Not only do others perceptions shape one's personality, but the expectations enforced by Society. Both protagonists within each text feels pressure from those around them to live up to certain expectations; Penelope feels she must constantly encourage Odysseus’ self glorifying tales of heroism, while Rosalind feels similar pressure to follow her father's advice to consistently be right which eventually leads to her unfavourable reputation for being difficult to work with. 

Both Ziegler and Atwood suggest that in order to overcome the pressures and external expectations of society each which of these women must have a positive and strong sense of self. In the case of Photograph 51, Rosalind must adopt a strong self-belief in her work in order to survive the hostile masculine environment around her. By contrast, Odysseus constantly boasts and exaggerates his stories of heroism and the cleverness of his actions. While both Odysseus and Rosalind have a strong self-belief, Odysseus’ is guided by ego while Rosalind’s is guided by intelligence

Women and Misogyny

The feminine figure and roles are depicted in contrasting ways between the texts, but both show how the construction of characters who either adhere to or reject the social constructs of femininity during their era are forced to grapple with the harsh realities of being a woman in both ancient and modern times. One of the biggest examples of femininity shown within each text is the value the patriarchal system places on motherhood and the high expectations they have for mothers and mother figures. Some mother figures in the The Penelopiad demonstrate the gentle and protective qualities associated with typical feminine attributes; the two contrasting figures within the same text, Odysseus’ nurse and mother demonstrate the two extremes of femininity relating to motherhood. Eurycleia is presented as benevolent and dedicated to the mother figure ideal as she is shown to snatch Penelope's newborn son and envision him as her own. In contrast, Penelope's mother an elusive and neglectful Naiad leaves her child to swim around unsupervised. 

In Photograph 51 mothers are depicted as primarily concerned with the needs of their children and husbands as they are shown to identify themselves with their attributes and successes. It can be seen that such characters as Gosling's mother's interest in his PhD suggests that like Penelope she judges her own worth by her child's success. Indeed, while these mothers are shown to be nurturing and caring most of it emphasises their need to control and guide their child's life.

Not only mothers, but wives become another primary source of femininity that is examined within both texts. The Penelopiad’s notion of wives becomes closely related to the idea that within a patriarchal system women are associated with being a possession rather than an equal. Regardless of class and social standing every woman on some level is shown to be oppressed by this traditional and conventional idea of womanhood. Penelope is encouraged to be a doting wife to her husband Odysseus, while in contrast, the Maids remain unmarried yet are still subjects of oppressive mistreatment. Unlike The Penelopiad, wives have little to no significance within Photograph 51, a text heavily focused on the scientific discovery of DNA, Indeed, the woman or the wife is seen as irrelevant in the scientific field while any mention of women outside of Rosalind is confined to the wives of men contained within the domestic sphere. 

Storytelling and The Narrative 

The notion of storytelling and the power of narrative becomes closely linked to such ideas as femininity and womanhood within each text as each closely revolves around women taking back control of their own narratives and stories. The Penelopiad is a story about other stories as it is based off retelling an already famous story. The Odyssey becomes a vessel for Penelope to share her own insights and feelings while her actions of retelling the well-known work is a source of empowerment for her as she is able to negate stories about herself that she would prefer not to hear. This frees her from the burden of being a legend or a myth as she urges women not to follow her example of keeping their mouths shut. In contrast, Rosalind Franklin does speak out initially but gained an unfortunate reputation as a difficult woman in stories about her that are circulated by men. 

Through this, it can be said that the aim of both Ziegler and Atwood is to challenge the historical invisibility of women throughout time. While Ziegler's play attempts to highlight the ways in which stories told by men have worked to minimise or downplay the roles and contributions of women, The Penelopiad attempts to offer new perspective of already well-known stories that intend to give insight into the woman's understanding of life.

Literary Devices

Important Quotes 

“And what did I amount to, once the official version gained ground? An edifying legend. A stick used to beat other women with.” (ch.1) 
“We were told we were dirty. We were dirty. Dirt was our concern, dirt was our business, dirt was our specialty, dirt was our fault. We were the dirty girls. If our owners or the sons of our owners or a visiting nobleman or the sons of a visiting nobleman wanted to sleep with us, we could not refuse.” (ch.4) 
“Water does not resist. Water flows. When you plunge your hand into it, all you feel is a caress. Water is not a solid wall, it will not stop you. But water always goes where it wants to go, and nothing in the end can stand against it.” (ch.7) 
“Oh gods and oh prophets, please alter my life,
And let a young hero take me for his wife! 
But no hero comes to me, early or late—
Hard work is my destiny, death is my fate!” (ch.8) 
“The more outrageous versions have it that I slept with all of the Suitors, one after another—over a hundred of them—and then gave birth to the Great God Pan. Who could believe such a monstrous tale?” (ch. 20)

Photograph 51 

“Dr Wilkins, I will not be anyone’s assistant” (Rosalind pg.13)
“It’s for men only” (Wilkins pg.17) 
“But those are precisely the conversations i need to have. Scientists make discoveries over lunch.” (Rosalind pg. 17) 
“...You don’t have to try and wing me over. In fact, you shouldn’t try to win me over because you won’t succeed. I’m not that kind of person.” (Rosalind pg.35) 
“To Watson and Crick, the shape of something suggested the most detailed analysis of its interior workings” (Casper pg.41)

Comparing Photograph 51 and The Penelopiad

[Video Transcript]


The play Photograph 51 by Anna Ziegler invites us to revisit the events surrounding the discovery of DNA’s double helix structure. While the DNA double helix structure is common knowledge now, in the 1950s many scientists were racing to claim its discovery. Ziegler's title, Photograph 51 is simply named after the X-ray photograph taken of the hydrated B form of DNA, which was crucial in the consequent events that eventually led to the identification of DNA's structure. However, much controversy has surrounded exactly who deserves credit for the discovery, particularly because the Nobel Prize was awarded to James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins - 3 people who did not actually take Photograph 51 itself. Instead, people have argued that Rosalind Franklin should have been one to be award the prize, or at least share the prize as it was her work that led to Photograph 51 and without it, Watson, Crick and Wilkins may not have discovered the DNA structure. Yet what makes this situation even more complicated is that Franklin’s work was shared with Watson without her knowledge in addition to the fact that Franklin died of ovarian cancer 4 years before the prize was awarded. Since the Nobel Prize does not generally make posthumous awards, Rosalind’s work has never shared in the glory along with the other men. Ziegler takes this opportunity to explore Rosalind’s perspective, and gives the audience a chance to peer into her experiences, interactions with others, and strong mindset. The question now begs: if Rosalind’s data had not been leaked, would she have gone on to discover the structure of DNA on her own? If Watson and Crick had not seen Photograph 51 , would they have gone on to discover the structure of DNA on their own?

The Penelopiad is similar to Photograph 51 in that it is written from a women's perspective previously never explored in literature. While in Photograph 51 , Ziegler allows us to be privy to Rosalind’s thoughts - a perspective unknown to media and publications because of her death, Margaret Atwood chooses to write from Penelope’s perspective, a view also previously never explored in Greek literature. Penelope’s reminisces about her life from her deathbed in Hades, the underworld. We learn of Penelope’s key life moments from childhood through to adulthood, such as the psychological damage inflicted upon her when her father attempts to drown her as a child, to her pretending to weave a shroud so that she can delay the decision to choose a Suitor who undoubtedly only wants to marry her so they could take up the throne and treasure. Her narrative is occasionally interrupted by the 12 maids who were killed by Odysseus, Penelope’s husband, upon his return. These maids were wrongly murdered and their presence in Atwood’s story brings attention to their plight as not only females, but as slaves during Ancient Greece. When studying The Penelopiad , I would strongly encourage you to be familiar with its historical context - mainly, you should have a good understanding of the story ‘The Odyssey’, the Trojan War, and the roles of the Gods mentioned in the novel. I’ve created a playlist I’ll link below for you with some videos I believe will be helpful for your studies. 

Common Themes

Women’s reactions to misogyny.

Misogyny is widespread in both Photograph 51 and The Penelopiad, and both writers explore the ways in which females deal with such an environment. Penelope is more graceful in her response, as she is accepting of her place as a woman, as poignantly expressed: "I kept my mouth shut; or, if I opened it, I sang [Odysseus] praises. I didn’t contradict, I didn’t ask awkward questions, I didn’t dig deep.” Meanwhile, Rosalind reacts with snark hostility, "I don’t suppose it matters whether or not it suits me, does it?”. Rosalind refuses to let her womanhood impede her career as a scientist, to the extent that her stubbornness is self-defeating and her being constantly on guard only causes further misunderstandings and tension with Wilkins: “You know…I think there must come a point in life when you realise you can’t begin again. That you’ve made the decisions you’ve made and then you live with them or you spend your whole life in regret."

Misogyny from a male lens

In The Penelopiad, even Telemachus shows a lack of understanding and empathy for his own mother, and wants her to find a Suitor quickly because she is "responsible for the fact that his inheritance was being literally gobbled up." He disobeys Penelope’s wishes and resents being “under the thumbs of women, who as usual were being overemotional and showing no reasonableness and judgement”. Like Telemachus, the men in Photograph 51 have NO sense of what it means to be a woman. They is frustratingly presumptuous in the female psyche, as seen when Crick boasts: "See, women expect men to fall upon them like unrestrained beasts.” The viewpoints of the males in both texts highlight misogyny that is deeply rooted in society, and a demonstration of how far we can be from the truth when we formulate our own assumptions.

Women’s undervalued abilities 

Penelope is clever, but it’s only beauty and sex appeal that is valued in society as so clearly shown by all men charmed by Helen of Troy. Penelope's intelligence, and more widely, all women’s intelligence is seen as a threat to men as she says, 'cleverness is a quality a man likes to have in his wife as long as she is some distance away from him". Unlike Penelope’s era where women usually didn’t actively or overtly fight for their rights, the 1950s sees more agency in women. While Rosalind’s intelligence secures her a job and career, she still faces a hostile, sexist environment. Her fellow male scientists dismiss her credentials. From the get go, Rosalind is expected to ‘assist’ Wilkins, and is disparagingly referred to as ‘Miss Franklin’, rather than as ‘Dr Franklin’ as she is rightfully entitled to. Moreover, her methodical approach to her work drives the frustrated Wilkins to share her confidential research with Crick and Watson, displaying the men's inherent distrust and disrespect of women.

Here’s a tip for you. You may have noticed that the common themes I mentioned aren’t just one-worded themes, like ‘misogyny’. Yes, I could’ve lumped my themes together under the umbrella of ‘misogyny’ but I wanted to go that extra mile. By breaking it down further, I am better able to showcase my detailed understanding of the texts, and you’ll find that adopting this specificity in writing is rewarded in VCE. 

Here’s another tip. At the Year 12 level, and particularly in Reading and Comparing, your assessor expects you to not only understand the text itself, but to understand the real-life implications explored. Here we’re looking at human reactions and responses to our world and experiences. So when you start comparing Photograph 51 and The Penelopiad think about the human condition. For example, on a textual level, you’d be asking yourself: what factors drive Rosalind to act with such hostility towards men? Why is the way she deals with misogyny so different to that of Penelope? Now if we zoom out and look at the bigger picture, you need to start asking yourself: What do these texts say about us as people? What can we learn from these stories?

Obviously there’s so much more you can extract from these books and compare, but I hope this has given you something to think about!

At LSG, we use the CONVERGENT and DIVERGENT strategy to help us easily find points of similarity and difference. This is particularly important when it comes to essay writing, because you want to know that you're coming up with unique comparative points (compared to the rest of the Victorian cohort!). I don't discuss this strategy in detail here, but if you're interested, check out my How To Write A Killer Comparative .

Sample Essay Topics

Whenever you get a new essay topic, you can use LSG’s THINK and EXECUTE strategy , a technique to help you write better VCE essays. If you’re unfamiliar with this strategy, then check it out in How To Write A Killer Text Response .

Character-based Prompt:

While Rosalind and Penelope are examples of strong female characters, they are both severely flawed. Discuss. 

Theme-based Prompt: 

In what ways do misogyny and expectations impact individuals identity within each text?

Structure-based Prompt:

What structural elements help convey the strength of women within The Penelopiad and Photograph 51 ?

Quote-based Prompt:

“We were told we were dirty. We were dirty. Dirt was our concern, dirt was our business, dirt was our specialty, dirt was our fault. We were the dirty girls.” (The Penelopiad) 

Authorial message-based Prompt: 

What comments do the authors make about the corrupting force of power?

Essay Topic Breakdown

Make sure you watch the video below for extra tips and advice on how to break down this essay prompt!

Essay Topic: The authors of Photograph 51 and The Penelopiad give voice to the women in their stories. Discuss. 

Contention : 

By giving voice to the women in their stories, atwood and ziegler reveal stories of those previously silenced, and showcase how storytelling empowers women marginalised by misogynistic social constructs. , body paragraph 1: in giving a voice to the females, both atwood and ziegler offer a new, previously unseen perspective on misogyny. .

Body paragraph 2: By offering these women a voice, the authors reject social conventions of femininity. 

Body paragraph 3: Most importantly, both authors showcase the importance of giving women a voice as a means to control their own narrative. 

To see another essay prompt breakdown for this text pair and a full sample A+ essay with annotations, check out this blog post .

Useful Resources

Compare the Pair- A guide to structuring a reading and comparing essay

The link between your contention and topic sentences in relation to the prompt

Master Reading and Creating

‍ ‍ A Guide to Structuring a Reading and Comparing Essay

Reading and Comparing Essays

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Unit 4- area of study 2- presenting argument  sac- oral presentations.

Oral Presentation Topics?

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Does anyone have any ideas for a topic on a recent media issue as of September 2021? I'm struggling to find an issue that I like and that is up to date.

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Just talk about electric cars and climate change, the teachers will get on their knees

Will they suck me off tho

Go onto guardian news website and click on the opinions page. That's how I usually start finding my oral presentation topic.

Best part is its usually all relevant to current world/ interstate happenings and can help to kick-start your argument

Some topics I've come up with just looking at that page.

Australia's refugee policies

Murdoch media

Why Australia should form a Republic

Why the Australian government should form a treaty with first nations peoples

This website has lots of good topics: https://www.vcestudyguides.com/blog/oral-presentation-topics-2021

Vaccine mandates - you can take my speech if you want

Can I please have it mate

Could you send it to me too?

Could you please send me a copy as well? Thank you!

could you send me it as well? thank you

Could I have a copy to please

could I have it too please

Hey could I have a copy of it please🙃

hey can i please have a copy of u see this

I mean, I did mine on the Daniel Andrews pandemic bill and got really high marks for it, I can share my with/presentation with you if needed

can you share this with me please?

can you share this with me as well please?

could you share this with me as well please T-T tysm

Can you please send it mate

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Persuasive Speech Topics: The Best 150 Questions in

Plus, a step-by-step guide for writing and delivering your speech.

Persuasive Speech Topics

Article Contents 13 min read

Persuasive speech topics can inspire an audience and influence change in your community, town, or city. Whether you are giving a presentation at a large conference or converting a college essay into a speech to be given at your high school's auditorium, delivering a persuasive speech is not an easy task. We are here to guide you through this difficult process and provide you with 150 persuasive speech topics that can help you prepare your own inspirational presentation.

Note : If you want us to help you with your applications, interviews and/or standardized tests, book a free strategy call . If you are a university, business, or student organization representative and want to partner with us, visit our partnerships page .

Listen to the blog!

The Art of Persuasion

The art of oratory is one of the oldest and most compelling persuasion tactics in human history. The power of speech has been used for centuries by men and women to negotiate peace, start revolutions, and inspire generations. At the source of change, we often witness a great speaker or speech that affected people’s worldviews. King Solomon, Socrates, Cicero, Elizabeth I, Napoleon, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, were all powerful speakers who changed the course of human history.  

Luckily, not every persuasive speech happens on such a grand scale. You do not have to become Napoleon to change the lives of people who hear what you have to say. You might have experienced this yourself – perhaps you have had a teacher who instilled in you a great passion for the study of physics during his lectures? Or you happened to attend a political, grassroots gathering where you heard a speech that changed your attitude towards homelessness or poverty. Or maybe your classmate's presentation revealed something about a novel you were reading in class that made you reflect on your own life and the people in it.

The power of a speech lies in your conviction and delivery of the topic you choose to discuss. A persuasive speech topic can be anything you are passionate about. Yes, it is true; whether you want to discuss the repercussions of the Cuban Revolution or analyze the power of K-pop in popular culture, it is up to you to enthrall the audience with your topic. The key to any successful speech is your confidence and enthusiasm. So, let’s start by examining what makes a speech persuasive.

To deliver a speech takes a lot of guts – not everybody is comfortable with public speaking. But to deliver a good speech takes conviction. Think of it like this: you must believe in the importance of your speech topic to discuss it. This must be something you care about and believe in; otherwise, your topic must be something that drives your curiosity, and you believe that it must be examined further.

Conviction stirs your desire to share this topic with others – you are convinced that other people will similarly find this topic fascinating! Whether it is the importance of recycling or bike lanes, the conviction is what will become the backbone of a successful and persuasive topic choice, as well as drive your desire to give a speech in the first place.

With conviction comes passion. These two elements of a successful speech are intimately intertwined. If you believe in the importance of something, you will be passionate about sharing it with the public.

If we look at some of the most famous speeches in human history, you will notice that conviction and passion are the driving force that makes these speeches legendary. Whether it's Cicero's defense of the Republic in the Roman Senate or Martin Luther King's speech in the defense of civil rights almost two millennia later, both these speakers believed in the importance of their convictions and were passionate about sharing their beliefs. In these cases, even despite the threats of death.

Unbiased Expertise

Conviction and passion should also drive your need to know everything there is to know about your topic. To give a persuasive speech, you must not only show confidence and excitement but demonstrate that you are an expert in the topic of your choice. Granted, if you are a high school student or an undergraduate who's been assigned to deliver a speech in less than 2 weeks, you are not going to become a world-renowned expert in your subject matter. However, as I pointed out, your speech topic should be something you are already passionate about, so you must have done some research and have some knowledge of your topic.

A persuasive speech should be based on facts. It should deliver arguments and counterarguments to show many sides of the issue you choose to discuss. For example, if you choose to discuss the importance of bike lanes, you can present several arguments in support of creating more bike lanes in your town or city, such as safety, decrease in traffic, environmental benefits, etc. However, make sure to include arguments that also show the other side of the issue, such as having to close down several major streets in your city to reconstruct the roads to fit in the new bike lanes and the side-effects of construction for businesses. Presenting both sides of the issue will show your comprehensive knowledge of the topic and demonstrate your professionalism.

Using the bike lanes topic as an example, I want to emphasize that showing unbiased research and knowledge of your topic can win the audience’s favor. You can, and should, still have your own opinion on the matter and defend your conviction in the speech but presenting the audience with both sides of the story is a tactic that will make them trust you.

Additionally, knowing both sides of the coin shows that you have come to your conviction after long and thorough research. You are not just presenting an uneducated opinion.

Taking care of the substance of your speech is the first step. While learning how to properly deliver your speech may seem less important, even the most well-researched and factually based speech will seem weak if the orator does not engage the public.

Though they certainly help your confidence, conviction and passion do not always result in strong delivery. This is understandable since public speaking is not everyone’s forte. While you may be animated and absorbing when you speak of your topic with friends, gripping an audience full of strangers is different.

There are three potential goals of any persuasive speech:

To familiarize your audience with a topic they have never considered before and inspire them to research it on their own. "}]' code='timeline1'>

When you think about it, these objectives are pretty ambitious. Delivery plays a huge part in achieving these goals. It will be hard to move your audience to pursue any of these goals without clear articulation, professionalism, and charisma.

Strong delivery can be developed. Yes, there are those to whom oratory skills come more naturally, but this is rather an exception than the rule. Many successful orators were terrified of public speaking but worked hard to overcome their fears. A good example of this is King George VI of England. Before taking the throne in 1936, he was already an infamously bad speaker. The King trained to keep his speech impediment and nerves at bay once he was crowned and delivered one of the most inspiring speeches against Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich at the beginning of World War II.

Now that you know what makes a speech topic persuasive, let's go over a step-by-step formula that will help you choose the right topic for you. 

Know your audience

It is always a good idea to know who your audience is. Whether you are giving a speech in your high school, or traveling to attend an undergraduate conference, reflect on who will be listening to your speech. Before you sit down to write it, consider whether you can give yourself the freedom to use technical language, jargon, or make inside jokes on the matter. In general, I would advise you to avoid overly technical or niche language. It is never a good tactic for making a persuasive speech – this might alienate a large part of your audience.

However, if you are delivering a speech to a like-minded audience, you may use "industry lingo". For example, if you are delivering a speech at a video game convention, it is likely that many, if not most, attendees will be familiar with the terms and vocabulary you use. You will be able to strengthen your speech by using language that unites you with your audience. In this case, you are encouraged to engage the public by making inside jokes, using niche terminology, and creating a relatable experience with your speech.

Knowing your audience will allow you to develop a language for your speech. It will also allow you to gauge how deep you can delve into the topic of your choice. For example, if you are a young physics aficionado who is giving a lecture on black holes to your sophomore classmates, you might want to consider the fact that many of them have never studied physics in depth. This may help you shape your speech into something accessible and interesting for others.

If you are unsure about who your audience might be, try researching it. It is always good practice to know whom you will be addressing. Not only will it help you prepare the speech, but it will also ease your anxiety about the day of your speech delivery.

Hook the audience

Your opening sentences can hook the audience and guarantee their attention. While it will be the substance of your speech that keeps them listening to you, the opening must be captivating for your speech to have a chance for success.

So, what do I mean by hooking the audience with your opening? For example, you can state a shocking statistic about your topic. It will be especially impactful if it is related to your audience’s experiences, geographical area, community, or hot-topic issue. Here’s an example for an opening sentence for a speech about the importance of bike lanes:

“Last year, the city of Toronto recorded 715 serious accidents involving cyclists, with over 5% of these accidents resulting in a fatality."

Now, if I was living in Toronto, I would be surprised to hear such information; especially, if I have never thought about this before. I am saddened by this statistic and would like to learn how we can help prevent these accidents.

Let’s examine another opening. This time, we will consider a speech topic involving a historical event. For example, if you are captivated by the mystery of Princess Anastasia of the Russian royal family, the House of Romanov, you might start your speech thusly:

“The question of whether the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova survived the brutal execution of her entire family by the Bolsheviks is one of the greatest mysteries of the 20th century.”

This sentence performs several tasks:

The opening sentence is your chance to establish yourself as the expert! You will seem like the authority on this topic, especially if you can pronounce the Princess's name without mistakes. "}]' code='timeline2'>

Coming up with a strong opening sentence is not easy, but very worthwhile for delivering a persuasive speech. If you are having trouble finding the right opening sentence, you do not need to wait to start writing your speech. If you are stuck, move on to the main body of your speech and return to creating a captivating opening later.

To be persuasive, your speech must have a thesis. A thesis is the main argument you are trying to convince your audience of, or simply put, the purpose of you giving the speech. Without a thesis, your speech will be aimless, chaotic, and most likely, unengaging.

And while you can write your introduction after the main body of your speech is ready, you cannot write your speech without a thesis. It will be the landmark, the leading light, of your speech. Everything you say and every fact and argument you include in your essay must support your thesis. Certainly, you will be able to bring up alternative points of view later in the speech, but as we already discussed, your objective is to persuade the audience that your thesis is the correct one.

Let’s return to our bike lanes example. If you are a proponent of bike lanes, your thesis should be more than “Bike lanes are good”. While this can be considered a thesis, it is pretty thin. Instead, find a way to make your thesis compelling, include a supporting statistic, or a benefit of having bike lanes. For example: 

“Having more bike lanes in our city will not only reduce traffic by X% but also allow our city to be at the forefront of the environmentally friendly initiatives happening all over our country.” 

This thesis is clear and introduces the audience to some of the main points of the speech. The listeners get a concise prelude to what the speech is about and what it stands for.

Research and Arguments

Research is always conducted before you sit down to write. While you may have some general knowledge about your topic, remember that you are trying to be as persuasive as you possibly can be. This means that you need the latest statistics, the most up-to-date information, and the strongest support from experts in the field. 

Tip: keep in mind your thesis as you are writing. All your arguments and facts must be in support of the main purpose of your essay. While you should present alternative points of view in your speech to make it well-rounded and unbiased, a strong speech must contain arguments that make it clear that your thesis is the correct one.

Concluding your speech has a twofold purpose. In addition to persuading the audience of your thesis, you must complete your narrative. Give the audience some closure about the topic. On the other hand, you must leave them even more interested in learning about your research. In other words, they must be compelled to explore on their own.

Tip: your conclusion cannot be a dry summary of your thesis and arguments. While you must restate your thesis in the conclusion, you are strongly encouraged to incite an emotional response from your audience. For example:

“More bike lanes will alleviate the heavy traffic and relieve our city from car fumes and soot. It is our responsibility to start making our city more eco-friendly. These small steps will inspire even more initiatives across our hometown and lead to a brighter, greener, future."

In this example, the audience is not only reminded of the main purpose of the speech but is also encouraged to think of other green initiatives that can help their town. The author does a good job of invoking responsibility for the future to encourage their audience to act. 

Want to learn how to choose persuasive speech topics? Check out our infographic:

Now, let’s go over 150 persuasive speech topics that can inspire your own essay and presentation! Note that these are questions that should help you form ideas, arguments, and most importantly, theses. Rather than giving you the thesis upfront, we are encouraging you to come up with your own opinion and answers to these questions.

Your speech should be between 15 to 20 minutes long. Anything longer may lose your audience's attention. If applicable, don't forget to factor in some time after your presentation for questions from the audience.

The best way to approach the choice of topic is to reflect on your convictions and passions. If you are truly interested in a topic, your excitement will be felt by the audience.

Of course, you must be interested in your topic, first and foremost. Secondly, your speech must demonstrate a level of expertise and knowledge that will allow the audience to believe that you know what you are talking about. Thirdly, your delivery will have a great effect on whether you succeed in persuading the audience. Even a well-researched speech will suffer from poor delivery.

Firstly, only practice can really help you improve. Once you have written your speech, read it over several times. Do not memorize it, but rather, remember the structure, the flow of your arguments, your main points. Then start practicing pronouncing your entire speech in front of the mirror. Do this until you are quite confident with the content of the essay. Then, you can start practicing with family members, your friends, and classmates. Ask for their feedback: can they hear you well? Are you being articulate? Does your speech have a logical flow? Did they understand your thesis? Their feedback can help you modify not only your content, but also your presentation.

Your speech should take the form of an academic essay: introduction, main body, and conclusion.

Your speech must have a thesis, otherwise it will be meandering and pointless. A thesis will guide you and keep your essay/presentation well-structured. A thesis is what you will be arguing for (or against, if it's a negatively stated thesis) throughout your speech. And while you can include some alternative points of view in your speech, your thesis will inform every argument you make in the speech.

Typically, you should avoid using overly technical language. Even if you are presenting at a professional conference in front of peers, there is a chance that some of your audience will be unfamiliar with the professional terminology. To be inclusive, you should avoid niche language.

To be frank, there is no such thing. You can make a great speech on any topic of your choosing! Your research, your delivery, and your passion will determine whether your speech is successful.

Acknowledging opposing views and presence of debate will demonstrate your thorough knowledge of the topic. Additionally, you will demonstrate that you came to your conclusion/thesis after researching the topic, rather than simply forming an uneducated opinion.

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oral presentation topics 2022 vce


VCE English Issues: 2022 issues

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Possible contentions:

Transgender athletes


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Minumum wage

Working from home


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The Climate Crisis

Australian Politics

Athletes behaving badly

College Life

The best persuasive speech topics for 2023 – the ultimate student guide.

Giving speeches can be incredibly intimidating, no matter if it’s for school, a job, or a conference. We’ve got you covered! Here are the top persuasive speech topics for college students.

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Giving speeches can be incredibly intimidating, no matter if it’s for school, a job, a conference…it’s scary!

What’s even a little more intimidating is giving a persuasive speech. I remember when I took a class where we had to learn the “art of persuasion,” as they call it, and it was unnerving knowing that I had to try to get a group of people in my class to agree with me on something they may have entirely different opinions about.

While I had to take an entire class to sort of understand how a persuasive speech works, I did all of that so you don’t have to.

This is a one-stop-shop to persuasive speeches, from learning what they are, what makes them up, tips on how to write and present, and even 140 persuasive speech topics that you can either use yourself or use as a jumping-off point to find something you like even more!

In this post:

What is a Persuasive Speech?

Components of a persuasive speech, tips to write a good persuasive speech topic.

Top Persuasive Speech Topics on Health

Top persuasive speech topics on religion, top persuasive speech topics on the arts, top persuasive speech topics on sports, top persuasive speech topics on economics, top persuasive speech topics on entertainment, top persuasive speech topics on academics, top persuasive speech topics on ethics, top persuasive speech topics on the environment, top persuasive speech topics on fashion, top persuasive speech topics on motivation, top persuasive speech topics on travel, top persuasive speech topics on technology.

A persuasive speech has one very clear goal – for the speaker to convince (or persuade) the audience into believing or at least accepting the speaker’s specific viewpoint.

Mastering persuasive speeches can be super helpful in a bunch of different fields. Whether you’re in an actual debate, trying to land a sales pitch, in a law office, or even just in a classroom, persuasive speaking is incredibly common in our everyday lives.

Even though we use persuasive speeches or language throughout our day-to-day lives, persuasive speeches can be traced all the way back to Aristotle! He came up with the components of logical reason (logos), human character (ethos), and emotion (pathos) – but we’ll get more into those in a second.

Persuasive speeches are important to master because understanding how to craft and eventually present them means you are picking up incredibly vital tools.

Learning how to capture the attention of an audience, organize information in a logical and clear manner, and connect with an audience so that they trust you enough to believe what you’re saying will not only make for a great speech, but will set you up with tools that you can carry into different situations.

So, now that you know a little bit about what a persuasive speech is and what its goals are, let’s get into the…

When I was a junior in college, I took an entire class about the art of persuasion.

Now, I took a whole course on it, so obviously there is a lot to creating a strong persuasive speech, but here are the main components to keep in mind for when you start building one.

Ethos: this is the part of a persuasive speech that builds trust and establishes credibility.

Ethos can be used throughout, but you mainly want to use it at the beginning of your speech, in the introduction. It’s a way of getting the audience to trust you.

One way to create a strong ethos is by sharing a personal story of how you connect to the topic of your speech.

Another way is to tell the audience what authority you have in giving the speech – i.e., if you’re a doctor presenting about economics, the audience might not think you have as strong of credibility, whereas if you were a doctor presenting about the importance of a healthy diet, it would be easier to trust the information.

eggs with silly drawings on them

Pathos: now, this is all about emotion.

My professor would always advise us on the importance of a strong emotional appeal when giving a persuasive speech.

While at first, I didn’t necessarily get what she meant, when I wrote my speech about the importance of birth control coverage, I learned that my argument was stronger when I told the audience why I was passionate about the subject.

Kind of like with ethos, where the audience wants to make sure the speaker is knowledgeable about the subject, pathos makes a persuasive speech more convincing because the audience sees and hears the passion in what you’re saying.

When I started my speech talking about my own personal struggles with birth control, my argument was much more convincing than if I had just started with facts and figures, because the audience got to see a side of me that let them know what I was saying was raw and real.

white, red and yellow calendar

Logos: even though you don’t want to start with the facts and figures, logos are probably the most important part of your speech, because it’s all about logic and providing support to your argument.

After telling the audience why I was so passionate about fair access to birth control, I started sharing statistics that demonstrated how many individuals do not have access to any contraceptives.

Logic and reason, here, are usually provided through evidence or stories that can be used as support. If you think of your speech kind of like an essay, this is the part where you are providing facts to back up your claims – except you’re speaking it!

You can really tell a well-crafted persuasive speech by whether or not the speaker solely relies on logos. Obviously, having credible sources, points, and evidence are all super vital to your argument and ability to persuade someone, but unless you establish credibility and shared emotion, you are just relying on facts.

In the world we live in today, in order to convince someone you are right, you have to appeal to all aspects of their identity, and that isn’t just about the facts.

If there is any advice I can give you when it comes to mastering the components of a persuasive speech and really making sure you get to the hearts of the audience, it’s to outline what you want to say with these three major components in mind.

When I wrote my speech, I started by just telling my story, and then moved into talking about how I researched the topic and looked at many different sources.

In a way, I told the audience that even though I am not a medical professional, my information is credible because I took the time to understand the laws in place, societal perceptions of contraception, etc.

THEN I moved into the statistics, figures, personal accounts, quotations from different laws, and so on.

Throughout the speech, even when I was talking about the logos side of things, I still made sure that I connected my points to my personal experience to keep drawing the audience into my story as well as the facts.

If you really take the time to think about each of these components and making sure they come to life, you will increase your chances of convincing at least one person that what you are saying is right.

Related: 15 Websites to Download Free College Textbooks Online 

So, you’ve finally made it to the part where you must craft your speech. What’s important to remember while writing a persuasive speech is that you want to sound like yourself!

While these tips can help guide you in making sure your speech is well structured, always keep in mind that a speech won’t be very good if it’s fake.

While these tips can lead you in the right direction, just make sure that you add some of your personality – if you’re goofier, incorporate some jokes. Take these tips and make them your own! That’s how your speech is really going to shine.

Without further ado:

Here are also just a few quick tips to carry with you throughout the writing and speaking process:

Now that you have an idea of what you’re doing, the next step is picking a topic. This part can be very intimidating, but don’t worry – I’ve got you covered with a bunch of different persuasive speech topics in different categories!

Top Persuasive Speech Topics (General)

Man speaking in front of a crowd

Legalization and decriminalization of marijuana

A doctor holding a red sthethscope

An open Bible

colorful abstract

Related:  Best Remote Jobs for College Students-The Ultimate Guide

A soccer ball on grass

Pink pig coin bag on a table

A person holding a remote in front of a TV

A person writing besides a cup of coffee

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Open smoke coming from a lighhouse

a lady in a pink floral dress in a field

Dream big text

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

a white robot

I hope these persuasive speech topic ideas have taken at least a little stress off of writing your speech!

Just remember as you look through these that you can argue absolutely any side to these topics or answer the questions in any way you like.

There isn’t necessarily a right or wrong answer – it’s all about finding the side you believe in and trying to convince everyone else to believe it too!

Want more resources? Watch this video on persuasive speech topics!

Happy speaking!




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Want to know what are the best habits to cultivate in uni? Look no further as this guide provides you with all good habits for students to succeed in school.

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This post is all about good habits for students!

These are all the good habits for students that they can develop while at uni.

Habits are defined as things that we always do or customs that we have and develop throughout our lives making constant and intensive use of them.

A study habit is a recurring practice of people, mainly students, in which study methodologies, study times, study subjects, etc. can be evidenced and presented.

Study habits are developed in order to improve academic performance, memorization, responsibility, self-management and autonomy of the student, creating awareness about correct educational practices in this.

Study habits are self-developed and acquired, for which reason a study habit that my partner has developed, I cannot have at the same level of development.

This happens because each one of us has techniques and ways by which it becomes easier for us to acquire information and/or memorize it, thus promoting individuality and the construction of personality in the student.

Study habits are the best and most powerful predictor of academic success, much more than the level of intelligence or memory, since habits are behaviors that we acquire by repetition and that, over time, become automated and allow us to face to daily tasks more effectively.

So, if you´ve been trying to do better at school then this article is for you, read it carefully and start changing your habits now!

Table of contents:

10 good habits in class, 10 good habits at home, 10 tips to develop good habits, 10 healthy habits for students, bad habits of college students, how to create or acquire a study habit, 1. clarify any doubt on that same day.

Even the brightest students initially struggle with certain concepts.

Clarify any questions you have the same day if you don’t understand a particular concept that your teacher covered in class.

You’ll stay current on the subject if you maintain this positive habit.

Clarifying any doubts about the subject studied in class is essential since it will still be fresh in your head.

Because if you wait a few days to clarify any doubts, you may no longer remember well what it was that you did not understand or you might just simply give up on the topic.

2. No electronic devices

Mobile phones, such as computers, tablets or video games, are daily stimuli in our lives to which the brain pays attention, consciously or unconsciously, whenever they are within our reach.

Its mere accessibility can cause diversion of attention and lower performance in the study.

Taking this into account, the solution seems clear, right? The devices when studying, better away.

Mobile devices are a great distraction when it comes to being in the classroom because for many studying is boring and, if following the flight of a fly can be entertaining depending on the topic or subject, a mobile is a pocket Disney.

An alert that indicates that a WhatsApp has arrived, a “like” on Instagram, the notice of a new update from your favorite YouTuber… each notification is a “Hello, I’m here. You are getting bored and I have something more fun to offer you. “

3. Arriving on time

By meeting the goal of arriving early to class, and making it a habit, which, although not very noticeable at first, over time generates a very attractive pattern, will undoubtedly distinguish you from others.

And in time you will notice a good attitude in others towards you; because this will generate an unconscious trust in your person and will make you seem reliable to be responsible for a project.

Arriving on time is also essential for your learning, since you will be more focused on the topic taught and you will not miss anything that could be important for your understanding.

To be a successful student you must be organized with your time and always have in mind that punctuality is the soul of courtesy.

Never forget that the golden rules are: If you are 5 minutes early, you are on time. If you’re on time, it’s already late. If you’re late, you’re gone.

Related: 40 Best Books About Learning and Studying

4. stay organized: agenda.

Being organized is critical to academic success, so develop good study habits.

Every day, devote 5 to 10 minutes to organizing your notes and assignments.

When it comes time to study for your next test or exam, you won’t have to scour the internet for the resources you require.

Being organized saves us time and effort.

We waste a lot of time, for example, looking for the papers of each subject instead of having everything organized inside a carpet.

We can also do badly in class by not writing down all the jobs and tasks we have for the week in an agenda, since we can forget them. 

Being organized helps us to be calm and stress-free.

Many times, the mess in which we live is a reflection of the mess that is inside our heads and vice versa.

And also, so much mess inside our heads and having so many things from school to do can affect us and cause us anxiety.

5. Take regular notes

Another successful student’s habit is to always take notes while studying.

Taking regular notes improves your memory power and allows you to easily review topics. 

When students focus and practice a note-taking system that can keep them organized, they are developing a lifelong skill that can help them efficiently process and transcribe data and facts, which is relevant to a variety of professions.

Taking notes forces you to maintain attention and concentration in the classroom, to think about what the teacher says and to write, selecting and structuring the contents of the subject.

The effort to synthesize the information and give it its own shape is a tool for studying that facilitates the subsequent assimilation of the subject.

6. Sitting in the front row

A student who sits in the front of the classroom is more engaged.

You will make more eye contact with the professor and may be called upon more frequently.

It can be intimidating to answer questions in front of the class, but it is a great way to learn.

The average length of a class is an hour to an hour and a half.

In the grand scheme of things, this is not a very long time to remain focused on something that will contribute to the development of our future.

The class will seem twice as long if you drift off during this time.

It’s simple to get sidetracked and hide from the professor when you’re seated in the back of the room.

If laptops are permitted in the classroom, it’s very simple to start Internet browsing and lose all concentration.

It is usually simpler to maintain concentration on the material you are learning if you are in the front of the room.

If you pay attention in class, there’s a good chance you’ll even be able to reduce the amount of time you spend studying outside of class.

Take it slow if moving to the front row all at once seems intimidating.

Discover how simple it is to achieve greater success by starting to advance a few rows each week!

7. Establish communication with your professors

Talk to your professors as soon as possible and as frequently as possible.

Learning how to ask questions, request assistance, and interact with superiors politely will benefit you throughout your life and not just your academic performance.

Your education will be enriched by developing relationships with your professors, and you’ll be able to start a mentoring group on campus. 

You’ll be more likely to ask for assistance or participate in class if you establish a strong rapport with your teacher because you will be aware of the expectations.

Likewise, your instructor will be able to help you more effectively if they are aware of your strengths.

They might even encourage you to pursue additional academic or professional goals in fields where you excel but might lack confidence.

In the end, building relationships with your professors will improve and deepen your college coursework.

This is one of the best habits you can have as a college student for the future

8. Take every extra opportunity to study

Try to accommodate any after-class study sessions or opportunities for extra credit that a professor or teaching assistant might offer.

This not only increases your safety net in case you make a mistake again, but it also demonstrates your initiative as a learner.

This is a great habit for students wanting to excel at their courses, since it will not only show more interest in the class but really understand all the material better.

After class, spend some time reviewing your notes.

Although it won’t take much time, the sooner you complete this task, the better.

You can fill in the blanks and determine what you might need help with by reviewing right away following class, while the information is still fresh.

Related: 30 Effective Study Motivation Tips

9. set short- term study goals.

Setting short-term goals before each study session is a good study habit to keep up.

It’s pretty useless to read through your notes aimlessly in the hope that you’ll remember everything.

Get into the habit of writing down your objectives for the upcoming hour of study before each session.

For instance, if you are studying physics, your objective might be to have all the formulas you require memorized for a particular topic.

After every study session, go over your work by saying aloud everything you learned.

You know you need to spend more time on those specific areas if there is anything you can’t recall.

10. Never study hungry or sleepy

In order for our brain to function properly, it is important that we provide it with all the necessary nutrients.

Thus, you will have a greater capacity for concentration and you will be able to retain information more easily.

Therefore, it is important that you avoid studying when you are hungry, or postpone lunch hours to study longer.

Physiological needs influence the individual’s ability to concentrate.

Because of this, you should always prioritize your diet and make sure you’re full before you start learning.

In the same way, you should never study sleepy.

Drowsiness shuts down the brain’s ability to focus and absorb new knowledge.

Because of this, maintaining a healthy sleep routine contributes significantly to developing good study habits.

Student studying

1. Prepare your study area

Your work area must be arranged according to your preferred method of studying, so the first step is to remove all your dirty clothes from the desk and transfer them to the bed (or better yet, to the laundry basket).

If you find it easy to learn new things while you are in contact with nature, perhaps the best thing for you is to be in a park or in a quiet forest.

But if you need absolute silence, the best thing would be a library or conditioning your room to prevent noise from the street or from the neighbors from interrupting you.

2. Organize your study time

The proper distribution of time in each activity is important when you dedicate yourself to studying.

This advice is often given constantly, but not everyone establishes an adequate schedule of the time they need for daily activities such as study hours.

A practical way to start this organization of your time is to evaluate the available hours you have left in the day after doing your routine activities.

Of that time, establish a minimum (it can be two hours) to study in a fixed and constant way.

Remember that studying in an orderly way will prevent you from feeling stress, since you will obtain positive results more quickly and of course increase your productivity.

3. What do you find harder? Dedicate more time to it

One of the most common mistakes that university (and school) students often make is that they leave the most difficult subjects for last.

There is a certain “fear” of facing the subjects that cost them the most and that is why they postpone them time and time again.

You have to do the opposite!

We all have areas in which we are weaker, and the only way to overcome ourselves is to face them (this also applies to situations in your personal life).

If from the beginning you dedicate more time to that theme that is difficult for you and that you do not like so much, with time you will master it and you will feel the peace of mind that it is no longer a threat to you.

4. Study first, then reward yourself

This is a great study habit that practically no one applies.

What’s more, students generally do the opposite.

Many wait to have the “perfect situation” to start studying, this means: Have eaten before, have played their favorite console games,  have done everything they had pending; and only then begin to feel “comfortable” to start studying.

The truth is that you should do the opposite.

As we said before, set easy goals. The best thing you can do is say: “I’m going to study for 30 minutes and I’m going to focus 100% on my studies, when I’m done, I can play on my console.” Or: “When I finish studying, I’m going to reward myself by eating a pizza, but I can only eat it if I complete the study.”

Incentives are very useful study strategies if you know how to apply them.

5. Take breaks

Studying for hours can be exhausting, and after a period of time without breaks our brain can get fatigued, which is why it is ideal to take breaks as you study.

It is advisable to take at least 10 minutes of rest for every 50 minutes of study.

After the break, you will see how you are ready again to continue learning. 

It is advisable to do a little exercise, stretching or meditation, even a short nap.

Some points you should pay attention to are:

6. Eliminate time thieves

Distractions are the great enemy of study habits. To eliminate them, it is necessary to know and count them.

Which ones occur? When do they happen? How much time do they steal from me? These responses can be fixed with a quick journal.

Once identified, the solution is simple. If they are external distractions, it will be enough to limit them.

For example:

Related: 30 Best Blogs for Teenagers – The Ultimate 2023 Guide

7. achieve goals through micro routines.

Jordan Peterson, a well-known professor at the University of Toronto, created this valuable concept.

This technique entails making goals and writing them down because writing helps us organize and categorize our thoughts.

Once we have written down our objectives, we can more easily carry them out by breaking them down into smaller tasks called micro routines.

The brain rewards the achievement of these micro routines by releasing dopamine as a result of its connection to the primary objective.

In other words, thanks to this, feedback is generated that gradually pushes us to success, which is why it is important that the micro routines are not impossible to comply with since failure in them can produce a negative effect.

8. Follow what you are passionate about

The most successful students like what they learn and enjoy doing it.

Thanks to that passion, every day they learn more and more.

Therefore, another common habit among the best students is that they follow and are interested in current affairs and what the experts think.

For example, if you are studying economics, you must be up to date with what is happening in the economic world today.

Of course, it is important to point out that each student is different and not all of them strictly follow the same study habits.

The best way to become an outstanding student is to try different techniques and find out which ones work best for you.

9. The habit of summarizing 

The habit of summarizing the knowledge of each chapter and each section is scattered and isolated.

To form a knowledge system, there must be a summary after the class.

Summarize what you have learned and capture the key points and keys to master.

Compare and understand confusing concepts.

Every time you learn a topic, you should connect the knowledge points scattered in each chapter into a line, supplement with faces, and form a network so that the learned knowledge is systematized, regularized, and structured, so that you can use it to make associations.

10. Exercise

When performing physical exercise, the manufacture of new neurons is started in the brain areas dedicated to learning and memory.

On the other hand, sports activity allows us to secrete dopamine and norepinephrine, brain neurotransmitters.

This is very important since, in recent studies, it has been discovered that when dopamine and norepinephrine are released in the brain, the information studied is better consolidated in memory.

Exercising stimulates memory by regularly making people identify visual stimuli faster and concentrate more than those who are passive or inactive.

Commitment and responsibility are concepts that are valued by young students, since practicing a sport makes them more organized, prone to taking care of their bodies and not falling into bad habits.

Studying with friends

1. More is not better

Long study days do not guarantee learning, the Kaizen method suggests distributing short sessions of time, but repeated throughout the week, in such a way that they allow generating habitual study frequencies for the person; It is also suggested to distribute specific objectives for each session in such a way that it is easy to assess the progress and motivation per session.

2. Study with friends

The second of the tips to improve study habits is to establish a time to study with a group of friends.

This will help us feel motivated while studying, since we will be in the company of others, not to mention that it will be much more fun than studying alone.

It is also very likely that they will remind you of the date on which you have met, so it is difficult for you to forget.

It will also help you feel more love towards studying since it will become something fun and not just something you´re forced to do.

3. Use Post- its

The next tip to improve study habits is an old way of reminding yourself that you have something to do.

Through sticky notes or post-its.

The idea is to leave them all over the bedroom, bathroom or notebook.

Put brightly colored post-its in places where you know you can’t help but look at them without feeling guilty.

Having a schedule and study habits is the most important part of succeeding as a college student.

You just have to find the one that best suits your needs.

Once you have everything planned, you will notice the improvement both in your study habits and in your personal life.

Depending on your tastes and personality, you may concentrate better away from noise, while your classmates may refer to listening to music, whatever your preference, try to use it when you prepare to study.

This technique will allow you to concentrate and meet the objectives faster, as well as stimulate your creativity and ingenuity.

5. Pomodoro Technique

If procrastination is one of your biggest enemies and you can’t find a way to focus on what you need to do, maybe it’s because you haven’t tried the Pomodoro technique.

Basically, the idea is to use a timer to divide your tasks into 25-minute blocks of time where you must fully focus on what you are doing, and interspersed with 5-minute rest periods.

Once you have completed a complete work cycle, that is, four blocks of 25 minutes, you take a long break that can be from 20 to 30 minutes.

This technique has helped many to improve their concentration and speed up.

The best thing is that there are several apps to help focus that include it creatively in their methodology, among them you can choose Forest, Goodtime, Pomodoro Timer, Focus To-Do, among others.

6. Check your progress

To verify that our study habits meet our needs, it is best to submit to small tests and questionnaires in which we can check the progress in the study and that we use techniques that give us greater performance.

Each student must be aware of their abilities, their ability to concentrate and, according to these factors, design habits and routines that make them move forward and feel that they are meeting their goals.

7. Avoid Procrastination

Procrastination is voluntarily putting off assigned tasks to finally carry them out at a time or date that is close to the deadline set to meet them.  Why do we leave things for later when we know that is not the best?

> Due to lack of self-control.

> We are not interested because we do not see the value of doing the task.

> We are afraid of failing.

> By character traits of each one

How to combat procrastination: 

Determine which subjects or topics are the most important, so that you can start there. Keep in mind that the most important thing is usually also the one with the greatest degree of difficulty. Study up to three important points per day and leave the simpler ones for when your tiredness is greater.

8. Study techniques 

Knowing the learning style that is most comfortable for us is essential, since it allows us to select the study techniques that best fit us. Usually, the most complex issues require the combination of different techniques to address them. Keep in mind that to remember a subject in the long term, you have to understand it at all cognitive levels.

Keys for memorizing: 

your childhood, even if you haven’t read it for a long time, because

you chose to learn and you were interested in remembering it.

mentally, so that you increase your chances of getting it back

together you will build a chain of memories that will configure a

file easy to review later.

Related: 200 “Favorite Things” Questions to Ask to Get to Know Someone Better

9. review and self – assessment.

Information encoding and retrieval is an excellent exercise

to strengthen brain cell connections. Keeping your memory fresh with continual review is the best way to study and decrease forgetfulness. The mind selects the topics it wants

remember, so if something seems boring or uninteresting to you, it is likely that you forget it easily.

Avoid it by applying these tips:

> Define learning objectives before reading or attending class.

> Set the objectives in the short, medium and long term.

> Link them to your personal interests to stay motivated.

Write down the paragraphs after the first reading to master the subjects you study. Recite your content when you finish each chapter and record yourself to listen

your mistakes, which you will write to correct.

Solve the lists of questions, objectives or exercises provided by the author of the text or the teacher.

Practicing the answers in a different order allows you to understand them better and carry out cross-training.

Even if you have no one to explain it to, pretend you do. It helps to digest the information, understand its relevance, the crucial aspects and use

an understandable language that denotes the essence of what you study.

10. Reasoning is better than memorizing

If you can’t understand what you read, it will be difficult to assimilate the new knowledge.

If you only memorize, you run the risk of forgetting the information once you use it, for example, in a test; but if you understand what you study you will be able to make use of what you have learned.

Studying by just memorizing everything causes an effect that makes it appear that the subject is known, but in reality, the knowledge is not acquired at any time.

It is dangerous to study like this, since you can pass a subject, but not an entire degree.

The best thing is to study using reasoning.

1. Keep a good diet

If you are a young student who has just launched ‘independence’, one of the most difficult challenges facing you is eating well.

Not being used to cooking regularly, the temptation to resort to precooked food is very strong, but you should opt for it only in exceptional situations.

It not only harms your health (because it contains large amounts of sugar and saturated fat) but also your academic performance, since a good physical condition helps to study better.

Therefore, prepare a good list of menus, which is as varied as possible, in which there is no lack of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, dairy products, eggs, meat and fish, all in their proper measure.

2. Forget about unhealthy things

Do not resort to or, at least, do not abuse substances that are often used as supposed ‘help’ to study.

We are talking about coffee, energy drinks or drugs and vitamin tablets of different types, unless in the latter case it is recommended by a medical specialist.

All of them, without exception, can generate addiction.

And no addiction is good.

Caffeine, energy drinks and high-sugar foods are part of the daily life of many students who seek to perform well after a hectic routine and little rest.

Although a cup of coffee at the beginning of the day is very effective when it comes to providing energy shots throughout the day, the caffeine contained in this drink, when consumed too frequently, can have side effects on your health.

That´s why it´s good to sometimes alternate them with other natural energizers like vitamins B12, Gingko Biloba, green tea and dark chocolate.

3. Relaxation Exercises

Without a doubt, playing sports is a good way to release stress, but there are many others that you can add to your healthy routine.

One of them is to perform meditation or relaxation exercises, such as yoga or Pilates.

Something especially recommended during exam time but that can be carried out at any time in general.

Between 15 and 30 minutes a day may be enough.

Like for example transcendental meditation which is a technique from India that helps human beings use the full potential of their mind and is important because it allows full relaxation, increases communication skills and increases production at work.

4. Be water my friend

There are many advantages to drinking water.

The recommended daily intake of water is a topic of intense discussion.

We provide the answer: depending on your activity level, health, and complexion, between a liter and a half.

Fruits and vegetables, which should always be a part of your diet, are packed with water and will therefore add an additional half liter to your intake.

About 7 glasses of water per day are the foundation of your health, vitality, and well-being.

5. Learn how to manage your stress

Each person reacts to stress differently.

Some people find that the endorphin high they experience after working out is sufficient to help them relax and refocus.

Others find that it’s taking the time to unplug and engage in manual labor, such as preparing a balanced meal.

Spend some time figuring out what actually calms you down, releases tension, and helps you deal with overwhelming emotions or anxiety.

Sometimes all it takes to feel supported is a brief nap, some meditation, or a cup of coffee with friends.

6. Take good care of yourself

These days, studying involves spending a lot of time in front of screens, which can be quite taxing on your eyes, especially if you’re already taking classes online, watching TV, watching TikTok videos on your phone, and more.

So, remember to take good care of your eyes as well.

This entails keeping your screen at least an arms’ length away from your face, taking breaks from it, and possibly even investing in blue-light-filtering eyewear.

Additionally, you must be mindful of your posture.

How are you currently seated?

Make some quick, healthy adjustments if you’re slouching over a laptop or textbook.

Straighten your back while you sit and raise your textbook or screen to eye level.

If at all possible, purchase a laptop stand or simply place your laptop on top of some books to raise the screen to eye level.

Your shoulders and neck will be able to sit straight as you read your textbooks with the help of a cheap cookbook stand.

7. Walking around

Although it can be considered as an alternative activity similar to the ones mentioned in the previous point, walking deserves a separate point, because in addition to a playful or leisure activity, it is also one of the most complete physical exercises, so going out for a walk is doubly good for your mind and your body.

Going out, meeting people, interacting, is essential when you study at the university.

It will help you to know how things work in the city.

Nothing better, by the way, to force you to walk, and help you maintain healthy habits for university students, than staying in a location close to the university that allows you to walk.

8. Wake up early in the morning

An excellent habit that has many advantages is getting up early.

Students who get up early in the morning can begin the day with a relaxed attitude.

They don’t have to rush to get to school or complete the necessary tasks in the morning.

Additionally, they will have enough time in the morning to study.

They can begin the day in a positive manner in this way.

By getting up early in the morning, you can distribute your time better: exercise, meditate or take advantage of that space where your children sleep for a good read.

It is your time to do what you like the most, it is your morning routine and you can accommodate it as you prefer.

9. Practice gratitude

Regularly experiencing gratitude, like other positive emotions, can have a significant impact on our lives.

Positive emotions are beneficial for our bodies, minds, and brains, according to brain research.

Positive feelings allow us to consider more options.

They improve our capacity to learn and make wise choices.

Gratitude is one of the feelings with the greatest power to attract abundance and well-being into our lives.

Gratitude is directly related to happiness.

When we feel grateful, we value what we have, enjoy our accomplishments, and feel energized.

10. Spend time alone

Get some alone time. I am aware that it is college.

You are free to conduct your own activities as you please.

There are numerous people and activities to engage in.

In college, it’s common to meet new people and network.

Just remember that you also have a personal life.

There is no time for oneself when one is constantly surrounded by others.

It may be exhausting and occasionally overwhelming.

Spending time by yourself is crucial when you need it for this reason.

Make yourself your top priority and make an investment in your stability.

Never fail to congratulate and recognize yourself for all the hard work you put in. Having good mental health is key.

Related: The Ultimate Guide on How to Flirt with a Girl Over Text or in Person

Student Waking Up

1. Procrastination

One of the most common bad study habits in young people is procrastination.

This is nothing more than leaving things for later, especially studying or reviewing the topics seen in class.

Procrastination has important negative consequences in university students, such as loss of time, poor academic performance, increased stress, anxiety and depression. 

When it comes to studying, many people have distractions and choose to watch a series, a movie, call their partner on the phone and even go out to train so as not to spend the afternoon studying.

Although we can sometimes afford an afternoon off, procrastination affects our performance and controls our lives.

The procrastinator, unlike the slacker, intends to perform the action but his brain prefers the satisfaction of putting it off and instead replacing it with something easy and fun.

Those who suffer from this disease often have motivational problems and sustained attention, managing to get distracted by not knowing how to use their collective attention span.

2.  Distractions

The majority of students undervalue the impact of their immediate environment on their ability to study.

Distractions reduce study time and lower the caliber of learning.

When attempting to concentrate on studying, it is crucial to banish all sources of distraction, including mobile devices, television, and computers.

Every effort should be made by students to study in a distraction-free environment that is quiet.

3. Lack of organization to study

Sometimes the only problem you have is that you don’t know how to organize your time and your activities.

In these cases, no matter how much you are interested in a subject, if you do not organize your day, there is no way to dedicate useful time to your study.

Being organized is crucial for students because it teaches them how to set and achieve goals, prioritize tasks, and manage their time effectively.

Additionally, having strong organizational abilities facilitates teamwork and boosts productivity and efficiency.

4. Making negative comments about yourself

Did you know that, perhaps unconsciously, we believe everything we tell ourselves?

Pay attention to how many times you say things like: “I am so stupid!”, “This is impossible”, “I hate English”, “learning English is too difficult”, or “I will never learn to speak English”.

With so much repetition, your brain will get the message, and you’ll certainly feel the effect on your grades.

How to counter this?

Watch your words and thoughts.

Put all negativity aside and replace that internal dialogue with positive thoughts.

How about you start by replacing “I hate English” with “studying English will help me achieve the things I want to achieve”?

You have nothing to lose by trying.

5. Leaving  everything for last minute

One of the worst study habits that we have all done at least once is to leave everything to the last minute.

Contrary to studying little by little and dividing a large workload over several days, we torment ourselves with leaving everything to the last and it is not the best strategy because the night before your stress increases, affecting your levels of concentration and organization.

Even if you think you can do it, you’ll probably always end up sleeping very late, learning little, and getting a bad grade.

It’s hard to stay focused for more than a couple of hours, so trying to spend a lot of time studying at night will mean that little by little you’ll lose interest in what you’re reading and the next day you won’t remember it.

You need to create the habit of studying with time.

6. Laying down on bed to study

It usually happens when you start studying at the last minute and you do it because you get sleepy or feel tired.

It is the worst thing you can do since being this relaxed will make you increasingly sleepy and your ability to concentrate will be impaired.

In addition, you run the risk of falling asleep and not finishing studying.

7. Not resting

Many people obsess over studying and don’t stop for hours, and it’s a lousy habit.

Your mind needs to rest from time to time to process what it learns and not overload it with matter that in the end you will not be able to retain.

Sleeping well is also an important part of the study, since your body and mind rest while you do it, that way you arrive in optimal conditions the next day to give your test.

Studying efficiently is important so that you can really learn what you are reading.

Don’t push yourself too hard or relax too much, as neither extreme will help you perform properly.

And always remember that the more attention you pay in class, the less you will have to review later at home.

8. Studying while doing other things

By this we mean eating, having breakfast, going on the subway, and even listening to a certain type of music.

You are wasting time that you have a rest for yourself, because you are not really 100% focused or attentive to what you are trying to study.

Rest, relax, eat and do whatever you have to do. Once those things are done, go back to the studio.

9. Choosing the wrong people to study with

Choosing the right people to study with is an important factor in your learning performance.

For example, studying with friends could be a great idea if you and your friends are motivated enough and know how to keep going through the more challenging parts of studying.

If you and your study partner end up chatting about other topics, it may be better to study separately. 

Or just get together to test each other with questions after everyone has learned the material on their own.

Studying in a group can be motivating at first, especially when leaving home to go to the library if you’ve met someone.

But it does not have many other benefits.

In fact, it can become a bad habit if you get carried away and end up all of you in the library cafeteria.

And it is not the same to see another person solving a complicated problem and think that you have already understood it than to do it yourself.

10. Superficiality

It is when we do things just to hand them in due to lack of interest or some other reason.

Not delving or investigating enough to have an optimal result of the activity or task that we are doing.

When you don´t care about learning or getting a good grade but just on handing something and not getting a lecture on why you´re not doing your assignments.

The lack of motivation to succeed is one of the worst enemies for any student because, without motivation there´s nothing.

Nothing will stay in your memory if you do everything without desire or motivation.

Related: Friendship Goals – The Ultimate Guide on Building Strong Friendships

How to create or acquire a study habit.

How can you make studying a daily habit? How long does it take to form a study habit?

All of these queries will be addressed, along with an explanation of how to develop or pick up a study habit. 

Let’s start by explaining how the study habit develops.

It must be understood that persistence and tenacity are prerequisites for developing a habit.

Any behavior can be formed into a habit by repeating it regularly and adamantly under all circumstances.

Why is this important?

Because research has shown that the only way for our brain to turn a particular action into a habit is if we repeat it every day.

Although some experts claim that it takes 21 days to develop a study habit, science has shown that it actually takes 66 days to form any habit, whether it be one related to studying or not. 

For example, imagine that you have proposed that every day you will have dinner at 8:00 p.m. and right after dinner, at approximately 20:30, you will start studying until 23:00, then go to bed, read a little and sleep.

This means a change in habits, since until now you used to have dinner at 9:00 p.m. and after dinner you used to watch TV until 12:00.

Carrying out this change in habits and incorporating this study habit into your life will require an effort at first, but as you repeat this routine day by day, that effort will reduce, reaching the point of doing it almost without thinking, instinctively.

It’s crucial to follow your routine every day in order to develop a habit, in this case a study habit, especially during the first 66 days.

You might find it difficult at times, but try to keep things in perspective.

What if your daily routine is all that stands in the way of achieving your goals and doing what you truly want to do for the rest of your life?  

Isn’t achieving your goal, what you’ve always desired, worth the initial struggle? 

So, what are you waiting for, start now!

Final Thought on Good Habits for Students

Whether you’re trying to build a good habit or break a bad one, this list provides you with the all the habits that you might be doing or not to make your student years more enjoyable and easier.

I hope that in this guide you found ways to improve your life in different aspects and to become a better person! If you are interested in more self-development ideas from BLENDtw, check out these articles:

20 Places Where You Can Buy Used Textbooks

15 best websites to download free college textbooks online, 5 surprisingly easy ways students can save money throughout college.



Good Habit Students

Looking for special things to do on Valentine’s Day? We got you. Check out these fun and romantic ideas to make this day unforgettable.

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Disclaimer: This post is a paid collaboration. 

This post is all about Things to Do on Valentine’s Day.

Loving someone can be the best feeling you experience. So when you have true love, you must express it in every possible way.

Moreover, to express your true feelings, what can be better than valentine’s day itself? 

A time of the year that is dedicated to lovers to share their love and turn it into a lasting memory.

But the big question arises: how would you make it memorable for your partner? 

Don’t worry!

The following suggestions will be beneficial once you utilize them to make your valentine the best you have ever spent. 

Select A Personalized Present 

Small things make a huge difference. 

So to make any occasion extraordinary, giving presents is the best way to celebrate. 

Even if your loved one is angry for any reason, it still can make them smile and forget all the harshness.

Therefore, you should be sure about what you want to give your lady love. Then, choosing the right valentine gifts for girls will make your life easy, and the recipient will feel loved. 

You must not complicate anything. Instead, remind yourself about the choices of your partner. You may also look to wrap up the gifts in some dedicated packing so that they replicate the vibes of valentine’s day. 

Write A Heartfelt Message 

Things that are not said must be conveyed differently!

So why not write a message to express your feelings that will be unforgettable down memory lane? 

It will be a wave of fresh air in your relationship as people don’t expect such gestures due to technological advancements. 

But old things are still impactful as they were before. 

So you should use this tactic to surprise your partner and express your love. Things that once said might vanish from the mind, but the message you’ll write on the paper will stay with her for longer. 

Therefore, you should try this and stand out from the usual practices. Moreover, it positively impacts the mind and improves mental health when you are happy. 

Cook Something For Your Partner

Going to a restaurant or eating the usual food might feel monotonous. 

Therefore, go the extra mile and do something different. For example, why not test your cooking skills ? 

When you intend to do something different, it is essential to understand that you must try things that you have done before. 

Prepare something that your partner loves eating. 

You shouldn’t be worried if it doesn’t come out perfectly, but not trying is not an option.

We are sure whatever you will make for her, she is going to love it. 

Go On A Drive 

The idea is to have the presence of your partner with you where no one can disturb you!

As it is essential to strengthen your bond with her, with so much hassle, people tend to get less time to spend with their loved ones. 

When you are in love, such moments should be used to the best of your abilities, and you should ensure that your partner recognizes your love. 

So take her out on a drive, play romantic music , and enjoy the journey. 

You both can recall your old memories of the hardships in your relationship. It can also be the best opportunity to resolve conflicts if there are any. 

Don’t forget to take pictures of you both together, as when you look back on such occasions, they bring a refreshing feeling. 

Plan For A Movie Night 

You should make sure to dedicate the whole day to your partner and do only the things she likes. 

So make it more unique and go to watch a movie of your partner’s favorite actor. 

Doing things that your companion likes surely will impact her more. This can be the easiest way to make someone realize that you put their preferences before yourself. 

Therefore, everything will become more exciting while you try to please her. Also, making such a gesture will make your task easy. 

Do Extended Commitments 

Women always seek long-term commitments, as they want to be sure about their future. 

So what better time are you looking to make commitments? 

Therefore, you should make sure to express your feelings for her and tell her about spending the future together. 

Being in love is about ensuring your companion that she holds importance in your life, and extended commitments are the best mode to do it practically. 

So the day that is celebrated for love is the best time to do it. 

Final Thoughts on Things to do on Valentine’s Day

Whenever you find an opportunity to celebrate and express love to your partner, you should not waste it. 

Valentine’s day is the best chance you can have to put a smile on your partner’s face. 

Nature won’t be fortunate to you every time. Therefore, ensure that you do everything in your capacity to maximize this prospect.


Valentine's Day Ideas

Most Awesome Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Looking for the best name to call your best friend? We got you. We have compiled a list of the best 250+ nicknames perfect for all personalities.

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Nicknames are more than just a fun name to call your friend or loved one. They tell a mini story about that person, the connection you have with them and how much they mean to you. They, in a way, signify your bond to that person. 

I don’t know about you, but I don’t give out nicknames easily. They have to be perfectly cultivated to encapsulate every beautiful, or not so beautiful, thing about the person who is given the name.

It can’t be super boring, basic, or plain (unless of course, that person is boring, but you love them for it anyway). A nickname has to be perfect; no if’s, and’s, or but’s about it, the name has to be absolutely perfect.

Now, after hearing my spiel about how important nicknames are, I am sure you are thinking about the fact that your girl best friend doesn’t have one.

I bet the panic is staring to set in now, “Why doesn’t my girl best friend have a nickname???” and “Why is my nickname for my girl best friend so bad?? How can I make it better?” Take a deep breath and worry no more.

Below are the best nicknames for your girl best friend and they aren’t super plain or basic. If you’re looking for names like those, then this isn’t the article for you because plain nicknames are pretty easy to come up with.

But hey, if that’s the perfect fit for your girl best friend by all means, use that nickname. 

Continuing on, below I have taken the nickname game to the next level by organizing all the nicknames into categories.

Simply look through the category that suites your relationship and choose from 50 names, or better yet, use my examples to come up with the perfect custom nickname for your girl best friend.

No matter what name you end up choosing or creating, she will love it!

Before you begin, remember, the nickname process can be a long one and it deserves the time. The perfect nickname can be tricky to find, however, you will know when you’ve found the perfect name because it will fit effortlessly.

Also, if it is the perfect nickname, it may stick with your girl best friend for the rest of her life. So, again, make sure it’s the right name for her! Enjoy the nickname process!

Smart Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Funny names to call your girl best friend, sassy names to call your girl best friend, dirty nicknames to call your girl best friend, sweet nicknames to call your girl best friend.

Smart Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Below are some cute smart nicknames to call your girl best friend who always seems to have the answers to everything.

Now, this could be in life, school, or simply random facts; this girl knows it all and more importantly, this girl deserves the perfect nickname.

Consider the options below!

Related: Badass Nicknames for Guys and Girls – The Ultimate Guide

Funny Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Funny, original nicknames are hard to come by these days. It seems as though every good nickname is attributed to someone you already know; therefore, you can’t use it.

If you find this happening to you, consider the list below. This list contains some funny nicknames you may or may not have heard of before.

If you have, consider them as a steppingstone to help you find or create the perfect funny nickname.

Related: 100 Random Questions to Ask a Guy in 2022

Sassy Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

We all have that one sassy best friend that deserves an equally sassy nickname. If you are struggling to find the perfectly balanced, or not so balanced, sassy nickname look at the list below.

This list has sassy, sassy sweet, feisty, and so many other sassy styles of nicknames for you to choose from.

Browse below and find the best sassy nickname for your girl best friend.

Related: 55 Romantic Questions to Ask your Boyfriend

Dirty Nicknames to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Before you choose a nickname from the list below, make sure that your girl best friend is ok with the nickname.

If she gives you the greenlight, then browse below to find the perfect dirty nickname for her. But again, make sure to confirm that she is ok with one of the names below!

Dirty Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

Finding a nickname for your sweet girl best friend is usually pretty easy. There are many cute names out there that you could call her.

However, listed below, are some of my all-time favorites. Use this list to pick the perfect nickname.

Related: 100 Flirty & Dirty Questions to Ask a Guy You Like

Final thoughts on names to call your girl best friend.

Friendships are some of the most important relationships we will ever have, therefore, making sure that your bestie has the perfect nickname is very important.

Some friendships are sweet, while others sassy and feisty, but no matter what type of relationship, a nickname should be fitting for both you and your friend (especially because you will be the one calling them said nickname, so you better like it too). 

Also, I want to say, using a nickname that is coined “basic” or “overused” doesn’t mean it’s bad. It is a way for you to connect with your friend and it will be meaningful to you and her.

Therefore, even if the nickname is “basic”, it will be more than meets the eye because it bonds the two of you. 

If you are struggling or, rather, were struggling to find the perfect nickname, I hope the list above was helpful in finding the perfect nickname or discovering an original one of your own!

No matter what you chose, your girl best friend will love it!



Names to Call Your Girl Best Friend

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oral presentation topics 2022 vce

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Seminar Topics

Topics for Oral Presentation

Published on Jan 03, 2023

Top Topics for Oral Presentation

2) Feminism

3) Euthenasia

4) Foster Care

5) Yoga Poses

6) Ocean Biomes

7) Foreign Policy

8) Ethnic Violence

9) Family Violence

10) Bioethical Issues

11) Fat Tax on Food

12) All About Tsunamis

13) Extinct Animals List

14) Flower Arrangement

15) Endangered Oceans

16) Endangered Species

17) Learning Martial Arts

18) Why the Titanic sank?

19) Black Holes in Space

20) How Do Clouds Form?

21) How to Prevent Stress

22) Human Cloning Benefits

23) What Makes a Rainbow

24) How to Handle a Bully

25) Peer Pressure Situations

26) Foreign Oil Dependence

27) Single Parenting Effects

28) Disaster Preparedness Kit

29) How to Swing A Golfclub

30) Internet Banking Security

31) Top Careers for the Future

32) Creative Photography Ideas

33) Tips for Time Management

34) Causes of Teenage Suicide

35) Peer Pressure in Teenagers

36) Safe Online Shopping Tips

37) Interesting Computer Facts

38) Top Social Networking Sites

39) Indoor Vegetable Gardening

40) How to be Happy Being Single

41) Adolescent Behavior Problems

42) Safety Tips for New Years Eve

43) How to Handle Difficult People

44) The Race for the White House

45) Professional baseball stadiums

46) Healthy Ways to Preserve Food

47) Seven Wonders of the World

48) Pros and Cons of Dual Citizenship

49) Reasons Why People Should Vote

50) Why is Internet Safety Important?

51) Importance of Computer Education

52) Getting a Passport for the First Time

53) Ozone Layer and Global Warming

54) The Harmful Effects of Plastic Bags

55) What is an Out Of Body Experience?

56) Do it Yourself Home Improvements

57) Subliminal Messages and Persuasion

58) Making Money Online for Beginners

59) Online Educational Computer Games

60) Why Conserving Energy is Important

61) Nanotechnology: Practical Applications

62) Characteristics of a Healthy Relationship

63) Description of Life in Another Country

64) History of A Type of Music, or A Musician

65) Charles Darwin: The Theory of Evolution

66) Teach American Sign Language Alphabet

67) Historical Events That Occurred on Your Speech Day

More Topics

2. Develop strategies for Rio Olympics 2016 keeping in mind the 2012 London Olympics.

3. To implement integrated information system on ERP lines or MIS system in a University

4. Case on how to sell all tickets in Rio Olympics 2016

5. To provide a solution to network security Co. in US to manage sales product support at different time zones at least cost.

6. Company X’s market share was eroding and you are the Regional Sales Manager. The issue was what to do aboutcompetition?

7. Problems faced by an electronic goods company with increasing competition and raw material prices.

8. Issues relating to a consumers electronics company which needs to be cited and solved

9. An electronic company facing issues &solutions to the problems.

10. Criticism - is it good or bad?

11. UPA Government is it good or bad?

12. Are we corrupt or the politicians?

13. Regulators – Problem creators or solution providers?

14. Growth of Insurance in rural areas

15. Higher suicide rate in schools.Should we take a look at our education system?

16. FDI in Retail: Boon or Bane?

17. Indians are less quality conscious - For and against

18. Advertisement is a waste resources- For and against

19. Ethics in business is just a fad.

20. Direct cash transfer: an attempt to plug the leakages or vote bank politices?

21. Prime Ministerialcandidate: NarendraModi vs Rahul Gandhi?

22. Should capital punishment be abolished or not?

23. Do you think India should allow euthanasia?

24. Best Prime Minister that India has ever had?

25. Should Arvind Kejriwal float his own political party?

26. Is Indian news media socially responsible?

27. How would you value the 7th Wonder of the World - TajMahal

28. Brand Shahrukh Khan-vs- Aamir Khan. Which according to you has greater value?

29. FDI in Aviation

30. CWG controversy and its adverse impact on India

31. Investments and disinvestments in crown jewels

32. Depreciation of rupee; boon/ bane for the economy?

33. Is Mahatma Gandhi still relevant today?

34. Challenges faced by the insurance industry

35. IRDA Regulations – Good or Bad?

36. Social Media - a waste of time or an important communications medium?

37. Government subsidy - are they good or bad?

38. Celebrity brand endorsements. Effective orwaste of money?

39. Online social networking is a parallel world. Is it relevant?

40. Winning is not the important thing; it is the only thing.

41. Live-in relationships should be encouraged in India.

42. Winning is all that matters, no matter how you get success.

43. TV advertisements should be banned.

44. Education and success – Is there any correlation?

45. Anna Hazare, the new Gandhi of India?

46. Is Facebook a time pass activity?

47. Business & Ethics go hand in hand

48. Politics as a career option.

49. Celebrity brand advertisement effects advertising agree or disagree?

50. FDI in India – Good or Bad?

51. Better PM candidate – Modi or Rahul Gandhi?

52. FDI in retail

53. FDI in multi-brand retail in good from Indian economy

54. BJP should cash in on NarendraModi for PM elections or not?

55. FDI in Retail – Advantage &Disadvantage

56. FDI in Retail – Good or Bad for India Economy

57. International oil prices; subsidy is the only way.

58. Hyper competition has killed the telecom industry.

59. Social Networking is killing the social life.

60. Growth & Integrity are poles apart

61. Women empowerment leads to social development

62. One step model to revise the economy

63. Supreme Court’s verdict on Novaratis case will it enhance India’s status on diminish?

64. Social Network, boon or bone?

65. FDI in retail – good or bad for economy?

66. IPL is it true to sports or is it pure business?

67. Are TV reality shows really real?

68. NarendraModi Vs Rahul Gandhi

69. How to create impact of HR in an organization?

70. You are an HR Manager of the company, what will you do to take the HR department to the next level?

71. Advertisement is all about glitter and rarely about truth

72. The business of business is only business

73. To stay in one place, you’ve to run very fast

74. Is God real or myth?

75. Daughters are more caring than sons.

76. Gold – is it an investment or bursting bubble?

77. Social networking sites: bane or boon?

78. Is a corrupt & efficient politician better than an honest & inefficient politician?

79. Depreciation of Indian Rupee has only negative impact on the economy.

80. Is NOTA (Now of the above option in electoral choice) useful or not?

81. Banning New Year parties and fashion shows will save our culture

82. Challenges and Opportunities before the banking sector in India in the current scenario.

83. Apple vs-Samsung (Innovation – vs- Marketing)

84. British – Vs – American CEOs

85. British Raj – Is India better off or otherwise because of it?

86. Online Insurance: Advantages and Disadvantages.

87. Inflation- How to control it?

88. Reasons for Re’s slide (International and National).

89. Advances in technology in today’s world – boon or bane?

90. Inflation cannot be controlled.

91. Role of organized Retail in rural India.

92. Mandatory CSR activities starting under Companies Act.

93. Despite relaxation of FDI in Retail why expected growth not taking place in India.

94. What is the condition of Indian economy today and what should be the three steps to improve the situation?

95. Has Apple lost its charm after Steve Jobs?

97. Consumer is king.

98. Should Mumbai bars be re-opened?

99. Profit is the only motive of business. Take a stand.

100. Was it a good decision for RBI to intervene in cubing the rupee depreciation or should it let the market forces prevail.

More Sppech or Essay Topics:

Related pages.


oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Presenting Arguments: A Guide to Oral Presentation

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

Oral presentations can be incredibly daunting for students, and most of us are not the biggest fans of public speaking. To help you alleviate your stress in preparing for this SAC, we have created a comprehensive guide on this particular topic which includes some ideas to help you develop your writing, research and presentation skills! An annotated sample response is also attached for your reference.

Researching Your Issue

Creating a contention, writing your speech, presentation tips.

Choosing a Topic for your Oral Presentation SAC

When selecting a topic for your presentation ensure, that there are clearly two sides to the issue. For example, the issue of whether or not Australia should implement a sugar tax has arguments both for and against. This means that you will have lots of opposing opinions to rebut!

Remember that the issue you choose must have appeared in the Australian media since September the 1st the previous year. When choosing an issue, try to base it around a specific event, proposal or something concrete. For example, the general topic of climate change is too broad, whereas writing about whether or not the school climate strikes (specific event) should be allowed to proceed, sufficiently narrows down the topic.

Further, make sure that the issue you choose will be interesting and understandable to your audience of teachers and VCE students. You should avoid topics which require you to use extensive jargon. Your audience is most likely to be captivated by a relatable topic that they care about and understand.

Make sure to phrase your issue as a precise question that you can answer in your contention. For example “Should Australia increase surveillance in an attempt to counteract terrorism?”.

If you are struggling to choose an issue the ABC News Archive is a good starting place. If in doubt, choose an issue which you are interested in! You are more likely to be motivated to spend time researching and writing on a topic that you care about.

Once you have chosen a topic make sure to conduct research before writing your speech! A good place to begin is by searching for coverage in popular news sources (The Age, The Herald Sun, The ABC, The Australian). Next, you may also want to use some lesser known but still reputable websites (The Conversation, A Current Affair, Q&A, 9 News, Insight, etc.). Make sure that you read articles arguing both for and against your contention.

As you read, note down any key arguments, quotes, pieces of evidence or persuasive techniques which you think may inspire or support your own speech. Once you have done this for 5–10 articles you should be ready to write! When writing, aim to go further than just synthesising the arguments that you have seen others present. Assessors are looking for your ability to create unique and convincing arguments, which are supported by research and evidence.

Your contention must be precise and concise. You should avoid contentions that are too broad or are already generally accepted in society, such as “climate change exists” or “hate speech is wrong”. An example of a specific and detailed contention is “Australia must allow punters to test their pills at music festivals and the police to operate in a similar way to the Sydney injecting centre where using drugs is not a crime.”

The Introduction:

Start with an opening sentence which grabs the attention of your audience. This could take the form of an anecdote, rhetorical question, quote, shocking statistic, etc.

If you are taking on a persona use some time to introduce yourself. Taking on a persona is recommended so that you can establish your credibility and stake in the issue. When choosing a persona keep in mind that if you choose to speak as a professional person (politician, lawyer, doctor, etc.) you should consider the type of jargon and formal language that they may use.  

The Body Paragraphs:

Begin and end each body paragraph by clearly signposting your argument.

Your paragraphs should be made up of evidence and explanation that supports your argument.

Aim for a balance between appealing to the audience’s sense of logic (with evidence, appeals to common sense, expert opinion, etc.) and appealing to their emotions (with emotive language, anecdotes, connotations and rhetorical questions).

Make use of a variety of persuasive language techniques! Take inspiration from the techniques used in the articles you found during the research stage.

Utilise words with connotations, or implied meanings, in order to influence the audience’s perception of the issue. For example, if you were arguing for graffiti to be considered as art you may refer to it as “street art”, whereas if you were arguing for it to be considered a criminal offence you may describe it as “vandalism”.

Acknowledge the potential arguments of the opposition and then rebut them. You can include this rebuttal throughout your essay or as a final paragraph dedicated to criticising your opposition.

The Conclusion:

Your conclusion must end in a memorable way to ensure that your speech stands out to the assessor and remains on their mind after its conclusion. You may choose to do this with a rhetorical question, quote, statistic, anecdote, etc.

Ensure that you make eye contact with various members of your audience and look around the room. Raise your cue cards so that you don’t need to look down too far to see them.

Whilst presenting your speech try to stand still and avoid swaying or pacing. Use your arms to make natural gestures; however, do not overdo this.

Read your speech aloud to your family or friends to practice your delivery. Another option is reading your speech in front of a camera or mirror. Aim to practise the speech until you have it memorised.

Make sure to vary your tone when presenting. Pause after making an important statement and emphasise elements that you want the audience to pay attention to with volume and tone. Variation will make your speech more engaging for the audience.

Make sure to time your speech to ensure that it is within the time restriction. Also ensure that you are speaking at a slightly slower pace than usual so that the audience can follow your points easily.

If speaking with props or a Powerpoint presentation, avoid overcomplicating your materials. You don’t want to distract the audience from your speech by overwhelming them with busy Powerpoint slides, or bore them by simply reading straight from your presentation.

The Written Explanation

The written explanation gives you an opportunity to explain the choices that you have made when writing your speech. Often these statements have a strict word limit usually around 400–500 words (depending on your school), which means that you need to be as concise as possible. The written explanation is worth 25% of your mark for this outcome, so make sure that you take it seriously. When writing your statement of intention you can follow the structure outlined below.

Provide a brief description of your issue and any specific events which sparked media coverage.


Clearly state your stance on the issue. You may also like to include why you have chosen this stance.

Outline where and when you will be presenting your speech and why you have made this choice. If you are taking on a persona explain who you have chosen to speak as and why.

Select a target audience which is suitable for your presentation. Describe why you have chosen to present to this specific group of people.

Consider the overall language style you have used (formal, informal, personal, etc.) and the persuasive language techniques you have incorporated (repetition, comparison, connotations, etc.). How do you intend for these techniques to influence your audience?

Outline what you want to achieve by presenting your speech. What is the message you would like the audience to receive? What is the desired outcome of your speech?

oral presentation topics 2022 vce

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oral presentation topics 2022 vce

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The 50 Most Persuasive Speech Topics of 2022

The 50 Most Persuasive Speech Topics of 2022

Writing a speech is an intimidating task, but we’re here to help!

During your time at school or university, you will have to deliver speeches more often than not. Most students believe that writing a persuasive speech is a nightmare, but choosing the right topic is a lot more complicated. To keep your audience engaged and interested in what you have to say, you’ll need a robust and relevant topic.

What is a Persuasive Speech?

In a persuasive speech, the speaker aims to convince the audience to agree with their point of view. Your point has to be organized and presented in a way that informs, educates, and persuades the people listening to you. The best speeches are always crisp, concise, and refreshing—they draw the audience in and keep them attentive.

Persuasive speeches are of two types—namely, value and factual. Value-based persuasive speeches focus on whether something is right or wrong. It discusses the moral correctness of an issue. On the other hand, factual persuasive ones use facts and figures to prove a point. Regardless of the type you pursue, you’re making claims you need to establish to your audience by making these speeches. So when choosing a topic to base your speech on, make sure it’s relevant and engaging so your audience is familiar with it.

List of Topics

Your choices are infinite when choosing a topic to speak on. To make your life a little easier, we’ve prepared an extensive list of some of the best persuasive speech topics of 2022 below:

College & Career

Art, Media & Culture

Environmental Conservation

Politics & Society

Social Media

Science & Technology

Travel & Tourism

Tips on Speech Writing

Now that we’ve tackled the issue of selecting a topic, we need to get to the part where you craft your speech. We’ve got a few tips for you:

One essential point to keep in mind while preparing is to make sure you sound like yourself. It sounds redundant, I know, but it’s crucial if you want to leave an impact on your audience. Just remember that there is no particular right or wrong side—it’s simply about which side you believe in and to convince your audience of it too.

Read Also:  Who Invented Homework and Why?


Top Persuasive Speech Topics for Amazing Speeches, TutorBin

Retrieved from  https://tutorbin.com/blog/top-persuasive-speech-topics-for-2020/

110 Interesting Persuasive Speech Topics to Impress Your Audience, Shemmassian

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    Oral Presentation Topics 2022 ... Get our FREE VCE English Text Response mini-guide ... Oral Presentation-Based Written Explanations.

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    Top Persuasive Speech Topics (General) · Students should be given textbooks for free · Colleges should provide free parking to students · Funding

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    Further, make sure that the issue you choose will be interesting and understandable to your audience of teachers and VCE students. You should avoid topics which

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    Economy · Should the minimum wage be increased? · Is capitalism harmful or beneficial in the long run? · Should everyone receive paid maternity and